Sanas Cormaic‘Cormac's glossary’

  • Old Irish, Middle Irish
  • prose
  • Irish glossaries, Irish texts on language and literature
Ascribed to: Cormac mac CuilennáinCormac mac Cuilennáin
(d. 908)
bishop and king of Munster
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  • Old Irish Middle Irish
  • Secondary language(s): Latin Greek Hebrew
prose (primary)
verse (secondary)


Irish glossaries Irish texts on language and literature


Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

[dig. ed.] Russell, Paul, Sharon Arbuthnot, and Pádraic Moran, Early Irish glossaries database, Online: Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse and Celtic, University of Cambridge. URL: <http://www.asnc.cam.ac.uk/irishglossaries>.
[ed.] Stokes, Whitley [ed.], Three Irish glossaries: Cormac’s Glossary, O’Davoren’s Glossary and a glossary to the Calendar of Oengus the Culdee, London: Williams and Norgate, 1862.
TLH – ‘Cormac’s Glossary’ (pp. 1-44): <link> Internet Archive: <link>, <link>
[ed.] Stokes, Whitley [ed.], and John O'Donovan [tr.], Sanas Chormaic: Cormac’s Glossary, Irish Archaeological and Celtic Society, Calcutta: O.T. Cutter, 1868.
Internet Archive: <link> HathiTrust: <link>, <link> Google Books: <link>
[ed.] [tr.] Stokes, Whitley [ed. and tr.], “On the Bodleian fragment of Cormac’s Glossary”, Transactions of the Philological Society 22 (1891–4, 1894): 149–206.
Internet Archive: <link>, <link>, <link>
[ed.] Meyer, Kuno [ed.], “Sanas Cormaic. An Old-Irish glossary compiled by Cormac úa Cuilennáin, king-bishop of Cashel in the tenth century”, in: Bergin, Osborn, R. I. Best, Kuno Meyer, and J. G. O'Keeffe (eds.), Anecdota from Irish manuscripts, vol. 4, Halle and Dublin, 1912. 1–128 (text), i–xix (introduction).
Internet Archive – vols 1-5: <link> Internet Archive – vols 3-5: <link>

Secondary sources (select)

Russell, Paul, “Poets, power and possessions in medieval Ireland: some stories from Sanas Cormaic”, in: Eska, Joseph F. [ed.], Law, literature and society, CSANA Yearbook 7, Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2008. 9–45.
Russell, Paul, “The sounds of a silence: the growth of Cormac's Glossary”, Cambridge Medieval Celtic Studies 15 (1988): 1–30.
Dennis Groenewegen