Texts

Sanas Cormaic‘Cormac’s glossary’

  • Old Irish, Middle Irish
  • prose
  • Irish glossaries, Irish texts on language and literature
Scope
multiple versions
Author
Ascribed to: Cormac mac CuilennáinCormac mac Cuilennáin
(d. 908)
bishop and king of Munster
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Manuscripts
Language
  • Old Irish Middle Irish
  • Secondary language(s): Greek language Hebrew language Welsh language Old Norse Old English Pictish language
Form
prose (primary)
verse (secondary)
Textual relationships
Related: Irish glossary from TCD 1337, pp. 623-628Irish glossary from TCD 1337, pp. 623-628Medieval Irish glossary in TCD 1337, pp. 623-628. Many of the entries are known from other works and learned compilations, such as Sanas Cormaic.LomanLoman

Medieval Irish glossary, with headwords under L–U, based on a long version of Sanas Cormaic.

Associated items
Cen cholt for crib cernineCen cholt for crib cernineA quatrain of verse purporting to represent the first satire in Ireland.Dinnshenchas of Cnocc RafannDinnshenchas of Cnocc RafannDinnshenchas of Cnocc RafannFinn and the jester LomnaeFinn and the jester LomnaeAn anecdote told in Sanas Cormaic, under the entry for ‘Orc tréith’.GaireGaire

A brief story about Néde and Caier under the entry for ‘Gaire’ in Sanas Cormaic.

LethechLethechA narrative included in the entry for Lethech in Sanas Cormaic.Mug ÉmeMug ÉmeA narrative included in the entry for Mug Éme in Sanas CormaicPrullPrullSanas Cormaic/RincneSanas Cormaic/Rincne

Entry for ‘rincne’ in Sanas Cormaic, with an anecdote about Ferchess, Mac Con and Finn úa Báiscni.

Uga Corbmaic meic CuilendáinUga Corbmaic meic CuilendáinEarly Irish religious poem (29qq) attributed to Cormac mac Cuilennáin. What appears to be a full copy of text is attested in a single manuscript, while fragments of it also turn up as citations elsewhere.

Classification

Irish glossariesIrish glossaries
...

Irish texts on language and literatureIrish texts on language and literature
...

Sources

Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

[dig. ed.] Russell, Paul, Sharon Arbuthnot, and Pádraic Moran, Early Irish glossaries database, Online: Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse and Celtic, University of Cambridge. URL: <http://www.asnc.cam.ac.uk/irishglossaries>.
[ed.] Stokes, Whitley [ed.], Three Irish glossaries: Cormac’s Glossary, O’Davoren’s Glossary and a glossary to the Calendar of Oengus the Culdee, London: Williams and Norgate, 1862.
TLH – ‘Cormac’s Glossary’ (pp. 1-44): <link> Internet Archive: <link>, <link>
[ed.] Stokes, Whitley [ed.], and John O'Donovan [tr.], Sanas Chormaic: Cormac’s Glossary, Irish Archaeological and Celtic Society, Calcutta: O.T. Cutter, 1868.
Internet Archive: <link> HathiTrust: <link>, <link> Google Books: <link>
[ed.] [tr.] Stokes, Whitley [ed. and tr.], “On the Bodleian fragment of Cormac’s Glossary”, Transactions of the Philological Society 22 (1891–4, 1894): 149–206.
Internet Archive: <link>, <link>, <link>
[ed.] Meyer, Kuno [ed.], “Sanas Cormaic. An Old-Irish glossary compiled by Cormac úa Cuilennáin, king-bishop of Cashel in the tenth century”, in: Bergin, Osborn, R. I. Best, Kuno Meyer, and J. G. O'Keeffe (eds.), Anecdota from Irish manuscripts, vol. 4, Halle and Dublin, 1912. 1–128 (text), i–xix (introduction).
Internet Archive – vols 1-5: <link> Internet Archive – vols 3-5: <link>

Secondary sources (select)

Russell, Paul, “Poets, power and possessions in medieval Ireland: some stories from Sanas Cormaic”, in: Eska, Joseph F. [ed.], Law, literature and society, CSANA Yearbook 7, Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2008. 9–45.
Russell, Paul, “The sounds of a silence: the growth of Cormac's Glossary”, Cambridge Medieval Celtic Studies 15 (1988): 1–30.
Contributors
Dennis Groenewegen
Page created
January 2011, last updated: September 2022