Trecheng breth Féne, or Triads of Ireland‘A triadic arrangement of the judgments/sayings of the Irish’

  • Old Irish
  • Medieval Irish wisdom literature

With sigla as assigned by Meyer:

  • Old Irish
  • Old Irish.

Textual relationships
Related: Glosses to Trecheng breth Féne (TCD 1289)Glosses to Trecheng breth Féne (TCD 1289)Glosses by Tadhg Tiorthach Ó Neachtain to Trecheng breth Féne (Triads of Ireland) in Dublin, Trinity College, MS 1289 (c. 1745).


Medieval Irish wisdom literatureMedieval Irish wisdom literature


§§ 1-31: Irish monasteries » entry

§§ 32-61: Places and peoples » entry

§§ 33-115: miscellaneous » entry

§§ 116-123: Tréde neimthigedar... » entry

§§ 124-148: miscellaneous » entry

§§ 149-186: a legal series of triads » entry

§§ 187-214: miscellaneous » entry

§§ 215-229: miscellaneous » entry

§§ 230-256: miscellaneous » entry



Kuno Meyer, The instructions of King Cormac mac Airt (1909): x note 1.
Kuno Meyer, The instructions of King Cormac mac Airt (1909): x note 1.

Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

[ed.] [tr.] Meyer, Kuno [ed. and tr.], The Triads of Ireland, Todd Lecture Series, 13, Dublin: Royal Irish Academy, 1906.
Shean-Ghaeilge (website of Dennis King) – edition and translation: <link> CELT – edition: <link> CELT – translation: <link> Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link>

Secondary sources (select)

Kelly, Fergus, “Thinking in threes: the triad in early Irish literature [Sir John Rhŷs Memorial Lecture]”, Proceedings of the British Academy 125 (2004): 1–18.  
comments: Sir John Rhŷs Memorial Lectures
Dennis Groenewegen
Page created
February 2011, last updated: March 2022