Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales, Peniarth MS 4 = Llyfr Gwyn Rhydderch, part 2
  • c. 1350
Marx, William, “Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales, MS Peniarth 12: the development of a bilingual miscellany—Welsh and English”, in: Margaret Connolly, and Raluca Luria Radulescu (eds), Insular books: vernacular manuscript miscellanies in late medieval Britain, 201, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. 247–262.  

Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales, MS Peniarth 12 is a predominantly Welsh-language miscellany that also contains texts in Middle English and Latin. On folio 79v is the inscription ‘Llyfr Hugh Evans yw hwn Anno 1583’, that is ‘This is Hugh Evans’s book, in the year 1583’. As a miscellany the manuscript is of interest as much for what it suggests about the process of compilation as for its contents, for while it is in one sense of the late 16th century, a number of significant parts are gatherings from medieval manuscripts, both Welsh and English. The evidence of the process of compilation that the manuscript yields has much to suggest about the interplay between Welsh-language and English-language culture over a broad historical perspective, and this raises questions about the linguistic and cultural history of medieval and early modern Wales.

Thomas, Peter Wynn [ed.], D. Mark Smith, and Diana Luft [transcribers and encoders], Welsh prose (Rhyddiaith Gymraeg) 1300–1425, Online: Cardiff University, 2007–present. URL: <>.
“NLW MS. Peniarth 4 (The White Book of Rhydderch, part 2)”
Huws, Daniel, “Llyfr Gwyn Rhydderch”, in: Daniel Huws, Medieval Welsh manuscripts, Cardiff and Aberystwyth: University of Wales Press, 2000. 227–268.
Huws, Daniel, “Llyfr Gwyn Rhydderch”, Cambridge Medieval Celtic Studies 21 (Summer, 1991): 1–37.
Evans, J. Gwenogvryn, Report on manuscripts in the Welsh language, vol. 1.2: Peniarth, Historical Manuscripts Commission, London, 1899.
Internet Archive: <link>
305   “MS 4”

Results for Book (171)

Welsh manuscript collection of religious texts, mainly in the hand of Hywel Fychan. Other parts of the original manuscript are in Peniarth MS 12 and Cardiff MS 3.242.

  • c.1400
  • Hywel Fychan ap Hywel Goch

Welsh paper manuscript miscellany (268 pp.) in the hand of John David Rhys containing Welsh poetry as well as a vocabulary, a bardic grammar of the Dafydd Ddu recension, the so-called statutes of Gruffudd ap Cynan, a translation of Genesis I, items of biblical and historical interest, etc.

  • c.1579
  • John David Rhys

A late 16th-century transcript of the White Book of Rhydderch

  • s. xviex

The Book of Llandaff is one of the oldest manuscripts of Wales. While its core is a gospelbook containing a copy of St Matthew’s Gospel, it is best known for its many substantial additions in the form of the Lives of St Elgar and St Samson, and various documents (such as charters) relating to the see of Llandaff and to bishops Dyfrig, Teilo and Euddogwy.

  • s. xii1

A collection of early Welsh poetry, including religious poems, praise poems and elegies.

  • c. 1250
  • Black Book of Carmarthen scribe