Historia Gruffud vab Kenan ‘The history of Gruffudd ap Cynan’

  • Middle Welsh
  • prose
  • Welsh literature
  • extent: more or less complete
Middle Welsh translation of an earlier Latin biography of the life and career of Gruffudd ap Cynan, king of Gwynedd (r. 1081-1137).
London, British Library, MS Cotton Vitellius C ix
Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales, Llanstephan MS 150
Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales, MS 1971B
Olim Panton MS 2.
Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales, MS 1995B
Olim Panton MS 26.
  • Middle Welsh
prose (primary)
Textual relationships
(Possible) sources: Vita Griffini filii ConaniVita Griffini filii ConaniThe original 12th-century Latin text of the life of Gruffudd ap Cynan, king of Gwynedd. While it was once assumed that no manuscript copy is extant and that the Latin text in Peniarth MS 434E is based on the Middle Welsh translation (Historia Gruffud vab Kenan), Paul Russell has argued that the latter is a redaction of the original Latin text, whose annotations and corrections were intended to align it with the Middle Welsh translation.


Welsh literatureWelsh literature


Gruffudd ap Cynan
Gruffudd ap Cynan
(c. 1055–1137)
king of Gwynedd (1081–1137)

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Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

[ed.] [tr.] Evans, D. Simon, A mediaeval prince of Wales: the life of Gruffudd ap Cynan, Felinfach, Lampeter: Llanerch, 1990.
[ed.] Evans, D. Simon, Historia Gruffud vab Kenan, Cardiff: Gwasg Prifysgol Cymru, 1977.
[ed.] [tr.] Jones, Arthur, The history of Gruffydd ap Cynan: the Welsh text with translation, introduction and notes, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1910.
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Dennis Groenewegen
Page created
April 2017, last updated: January 2024