Digraphs, including ‘trigraphs’ and ligatures

Click on any title or image to see further details about a particular entry, such as a fuller description, related entries in the catalogue and manuscript sources. For our definition of the terms ‘digraph’ and ‘ligature’, see the glossary.



Ac-FrancA12.png
ac (ligature)
Represents: ac (Irish)
Notational device: Ligature
Examples in context:



Ae-RawlB502-f72vb.png
Digraph of a and e
Represents: ae (Irish)ae (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph



Ae-ligature-allograph.png Ae-RawlB514f2v.png
ae (ligature allograph)
Represents: ae, ae□ (Irish)ae, ae□ (Latin)
Notational device: Ligature
Examples in context:



Ae.png
Ligature of a and e
Represents:
ae
Notational device: Ligature
Examples in context:



Aer-RawlB502f62r.png
aer (trigraph)
Represents: aer (Irish)
Notational device: Digraph



Ao-RawlB512f2r.png Ao-ligature-Laud615p133.png
ao (ligature)
Represents: ao (Irish)
Notational device: Ligature



Are-ligature.png
are (ligature of ar and e)
Represents: are (Irish)are, que(?) (Latin)
Notational device: Ligature
Examples in context:



Arus-23E29p112.png
arus (digraph)
Represents: arus (Irish)
Notational device: Digraph
Examples in context:



Bre-23E29p158b.png
bre, ber (ligature)
Represents: bre, ber (Irish)
Notational device: Ligature



Cc (digraph).png
Digraph cc = g
Represents:
cc, g
Notational device: Digraph



De-ligature-23P12f158ra.png
De (ligature majuscule)
Represents: De (Irish)
Notational device: Ligature
Examples in context:



De-ligature-allo.png
de (ligature with allograph e)
Represents: de (Irish)de (Latin)
Notational device: Ligature



De.png De-RawlB512f12vb.png
de (ligature)
Represents: de (Irish)
Notational device: Ligature
Examples in context:



Dec-RawlB512f31vb.png
dec (trigraph with ligatured e allograph)
Represents: dec (Irish)dec (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph



Di-RawlB512-f32vb.png Di-RawlB512-f33rb.png
di (ligature)
Represents: di (Irish)di, ti, dio, tio (Latin)
Notational device: Ligature
Examples in context:



Dis-RawlB512-f33ra.png
dis (ligature)
Represents: dis (Irish)tis, dios, tios (Latin)
Notational device: Ligature



Do.png
do (digraph)
Represents:
do
Notational device: Digraph



Dr.png
dr (digraph)
Represents: dr (Irish)dr (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph
Examples in context:



Ea-2.png
ea (digraph)
Represents:
ea
Notational device: Digraph



Ea-ligature-2.png
ea (ligature of allograph e and subscript a)
Represents: ea (Irish)
Notational device: Ligature
Examples in context:



Ea-1.png G1303p17-ea.png
ea (ligature)
Represents: ea (Irish)
Notational device: Ligature



Ec digraph Laud610f146r.png
ec (digraph)
Represents: ec (Irish)ec (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph
Examples in context:



Ech digraph Laud610f146r.png
ech (digraph with spiritus asper)
Represents: ech (Irish)
Notational device: Superscript symbol, Digraph
Examples in context:



G1303p17-ed.png
ed (digraph)
Represents: ed (Irish)ed (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph



Eg-RawlB512-f33rb.png
eg (digraph)
Represents: eg (Irish)eg (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph



Ei-RawlB502-f72vb.png G1303p17-ei1.png G1303p17-ei2.png
ei (digraph)
Represents: ei (Irish)ei (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph
Examples in context:



Eir-23E29f160a.png
eir (subscript ir)
Represents: eir (Irish)
Notational device: Digraph



Eo-23P12f249v.png
eo (digraph)
Represents:
eo
Notational device: Digraph



Ep-RawlB512f31rb.png
ep (digraph)
Represents: ep (Irish)ep (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph



LUp61b-eper.png
eper (digraph)
Represents: eper (Irish)
Notational device: Digraph
Examples in context:



Er-RawlB506f1va.png
er (digraph)
Represents: er, Er (Irish)er (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph



Et.png Et-2.png Et-Div1f2rb.png
et (digraph)
Represents: et (Irish)et, & (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph



Ocusf-23E29p112.png
et and f (ligature)
Represents: ocus f, etf, et f (Irish)etf, et f (Latin)
Notational device: Ligature
Examples in context:



Etr-Laud610f97v.png Etr-(obae)-23P12f170vb.png
et and r (ligature)
Represents: etr, ocus r (Irish)etr, et r (Latin)
Notational device: Ligature
Examples in context:



Eter-1.png
eter (ligature)
Represents: eter (Irish)
Notational device: Superscript symbol, Ligature



Gg-RawlB512-f32vb.png
gg (digraph)
Represents: gg (Irish)gg (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph



He-23E29p159a.png
he (ligature)
Represents: he (Irish)
Notational device: Ligature



Is23P12f20r.png
Is (I through S)
Represents:
IS, Is
Notational device: Ligature



IS-23 E29p113a.png IS-23 E29p113b.png
iS (vertical S through I)
Represents: IS, Is (Irish)
Notational device: Ligature



Na-23E29p162b.png Na2-23E29p162b.png
na (digraph)
Represents:
na
Notational device: Digraph



Ni-RawlB512-f33rb.png
ni (digraph)
Represents: ni (Irish)ni (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph



Ocusfor-23E29p112.png
ocus for (ligature)
Represents: ocus for, et for (Irish)
Notational device: Superscript symbol, Ligature



Oe-RawlB512-f33va.png
oe (ligature with allograph e)
Represents: oe (Irish)oe (Latin)
Notational device: Ligature
Examples in context:
no image available



oeg (trigraph)
Represents: oeg (Irish)oeg (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph



Or.png
or (o + rotunda)
Represents: or (Irish)or (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph



Pr-digraph.png
pr (digraph)
Represents: pr (Irish)pr (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph



Que-Dii1f122vb.png Que-ce-RIADii1f121r.png
que (digraph)
Represents: ce (Irish)que (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph
Examples in context:



Re-circle-RawlB512f12vb.png
re (ligature with long e)
Represents: re, re□ (Irish)re, re□ (Latin)
Notational device: Ligature
Examples in context:



Re-23E29p159b.png
re (ligature with short e)
Represents: re (Irish)re (Latin)
Notational device: Ligature



Reg-RawlinsonB512-f20v.png
reg (ligature)
Represents: reg (Irish)
Notational device: Digraph
Examples in context:



Ren-RawlB512f12vb.png
ren (trigraph)
Represents: ren (Irish)ren (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph



Rr1.png
rr (ligature)
Represents: rr (Irish)rr (Latin)
Notational device: Ligature



Rr-rotunda.png
rr (rotunda)
Represents: rr (Irish)rr (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph



Seacht2.png
secht (s and sed)
Represents: secht, seacht, ss() (Irish)ssed, ss() (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph



Si2.png
si (digraph)
Represents: si (Irish)si (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph
Examples in context:



Sin1.png Sin2.png
sin (suspension stroke)
Represents:
sin
Notational device: Superscript symbol, Digraph
Examples in context:



Sr.png
sr (digraph)
Represents:
sr
Notational device: Digraph



Ss1.png Ss2.png
digraph of long s and insular s
Represents:
ss
Notational device: Digraph
Examples in context:



Sus-RawlB512-f31va.png
sus (digraph with long s)
Represents: sus, sas, sed, acht (Irish)sus, set, sed (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph



Ta-RawlB512-f32ra.png
ta (long headstroke)
Represents: ta (Irish)ta (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph
Examples in context:



Ti-.png
Digraph for ti
Represents:
ti
Notational device: Digraph



To digraph.png
to (digraph)
Represents:
to
Notational device: Digraph



Ua-NLIG11p258.png
ua (u wavy and subscript a)
Represents: ua (Irish)
Notational device: Superscript symbol, Digraph



Ui2.png
ui (digraph vi)
Represents: ui (Irish)ui (Latin)
Notational device: Digraph
Examples in context:



Ui3.png
ui (i with superscript u)
Represents: ui (Irish)
Notational device: Superscript symbol, Digraph
Examples in context:



Xp-RawlB512-f32ra.png
xp (ligature)
Represents: xp (Irish)xp (Latin)
Notational device: Ligature



Xxx23P12f9v.png
xxx (trigraph)
Represents:
xxx, 30
Notational device: Digraph