De rectoribus christianis
- prosimetrum, prose, verse
Long Latin treatise written by Sedulius Scottus (fl. 9th c.), which served as a ‘mirror for princes’ (speculum principum) instructing rulers on good governance and proper behaviour and using biblical and patristic examples to frame and buttress its message. Unlike most Carolingian representatives of the genre, it is written in a mix of prose and verse. The poems, some of which are also found in Sedulius’ Collectaneum, are composed in a variety of metrical forms. Both the prosimetric structure and the choice of metrical forms are thought to have been modelled after Boethius’ De consolatione philosophiae.
- Omne ministerium trifido quod praeminet orbe [Preface] ... Postquam regale sceptrum regnique gubernacula rector Christianus susceperit
(fl. 9th century)
Irish scriptural scholar, teacher, grammarian and poet who made a career in Francia and became a leading intellectual figure at the court of Charles the Bald.
- A = Bremen, Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek, MS C 36 [c.900]ff. 18v–62r
- F = (Unidentified)The exemplar used by Marquard Freher (hence the sigla F) in his 1619 edition. It appears to have been either closely related to the Bremen MS or identical with it. Hellmann suggested that A is likely to have been either the same MS or the exemplar used for F.
- Wolfenbüttel, Herzog-August-Bibliothek, MS Guelf. 454 Helmst. [s. x]ff. 110r–112r, 132v–136r context: Collectio CCXXXIII capitulorumExtracts only.
- [W] = Baltimore, Walters Art Museum, MS W.12 [s. xiimed]ff. 1r–116v
- B = Berlin, Staatsbibliothek Preussischer Kulturbesitz, MS theol. lat. fol. 368 [s. xii4/4]ff. 77v–96vProse text, with metrical preface and invocations, bu without the other poems.
- Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS lat. 6779 [s. xiii]ff. 1–77vs. xiii.
- C = For some of the poems in his edition, Hellman also made use of the Collectaneum in Bernkastel-Kues, St Nikolaus-Hospital, MS 52 K.
- Later manuscripts include:
- P =
- F (Freher) = Print copies of the edition by Freher and VögelinMarquard Freher produced an edition, probably on the basis of the Bremen MS. He did not live to see it through to print, but G. Vögelin was able to consult his papers and published an edition in 1619, with a dedication to Friedrich V, elector Palatine of the Rhine, king of Bohemia. See Schlechter (2009). Freher’s autograph manuscript is now lost. Copies of the printed edition prepared by Vögelin are rare and Mai seems to have been unaware of it when he came to work on his own edition based on Pal. lat. 591.
- Hellmann mentions Jena, Thüringer Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek, MS Bud. Philos. o. 115 (if this signature still holds true today).(1)n. 1 “Ein Exemplar, vielleicht das einzige noch vorhandene überhaupt, besitzt die Universitätsbibliothek zu Jena, und zwar in dem Sammelbande Bud. Philos. o. 115.”
- Gotha/Erfurt, Pol 8° 00798/03 (02) = VD17 7:708020V, available in digital form from the link below, where it is stated “Vermutlich in Heidelberg bei Vögelin erschienen”. It has not been possible as yet to verify whether this or the next item might be identical to the copy mentioned by Hellmann.
- VD17 23:271512N. The online catalogue description for the previous item appears to mention a second copy when it states “Nicht identisch mit VD17 23:271512N (dort "Bohemiae Regem Fridericum" auf dem Titelbl.)”.
Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.
Secondary sources (select)
page url: https://codecs.vanhamel.nl/De_rectoribus_christianis_(Sedulius_Scottus)
numerical alternative: https://codecs.vanhamel.nl/index.php?curid=44209
page ID: 44209
page ID tracker: https://codecs.vanhamel.nl/index.php?title=Show:ID&id=44209