verse beg. Cumtach na nIudaide n-ard
- Middle Irish
- Early Irish poetry
Short Middle Irish poem (4qq) on the defining characteristics of various peoples (the Jews, the Greeks, the Franks, the Welsh, the Picts, etc), which correspond closely to those listed in the tract De proprietatibus gentium.
- Cumtach na nIudaide n-ard
- Middle Irish
A Frankish, possibly Spanish tract written in the ninth century, which lists the defining weaknesses and strengths of various gentes, including the Irish and the Britons. Two versions of it are known: a shorter one listing single characteristics, whether positive or negative, for twelve gentes (including ira Britanorum and libido Scotorum); and a longer version with two separate lists of vices (e.g. libido Scottorum, duritia Pictorum and ira Brittanorum/brit(t))onum) and virtues (e.g. Scottorum fidelitas, Pictorum magnanimitas and Brittanorum/brit(t))onum) hospitalitas).
Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.
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