Oxford dictionary of national biography, Online: Oxford University Press, 2004–present.
Usk (Adam), Adam of Usk
Chronicler and canonist born in Usk (W. Brynbuga), Monmouthshire, and educated at Oxford.
See more Ailred of RievaulxAilred of Rievaulx
Aelred of Rievaulx
No short description available
See more Thomas Allen [mathematician]Allen (Thomas) ... mathematician
English mathematician and antiquary.
See more Thomas AstleAstle (Thomas)
English archivist and antiquarian.
See more Bartholomew [bishop of Exeter]Bartholomew ... bishop of Exeter
Bishop of Exeter and theologian, who was born in Normandy, studied in Canterbury (possibly Paris prior to that) and was archdeacon of Exeter before being elected bishop.
See more Benedict of GloucesterBenedict of Gloucester
English Benedictine monk at St Peter's Abbey, Gloucester, who wrote a life of St Dyfrig.
See more Walter BowerBower (Walter)
Abbot and canon regular of Inchcolm Abbey and historian who wrote an elaborate work known as the Scotichronicon.
See more Richard Boyle [1st earl of Cork]Boyle (Richard) ... 1st earl of Cork
English politician, born in Kent, who confiscated much land in Munster and became the first earl of Cork (1620) and lord treasurer of Ireland (1631).
See more Robert BoyleBoyle (Robert)
Anglo-Irish scientist, natural philosopher, a son of Richard, first earl of Cork (d. 1643); a devout Anglican who financed the printing of the Irish Bible.
See more Arthur BrownlowBrownlow (Arthur)
Anglo-Irish landowner at Lurgan (Co. Armagh) whose collection of Irish manuscripts attracted the attention of Edward Lhuyd in 1699.
See more Brychan BrycheiniogBrychan Brycheiniog
king of Brycheiniog, described as a son of a certain Irish king named Anlach son of Coronac and Marchell, daughter of Tewdrig, king of Garthmadryn (later Brycheiniog).
See more George BuchananBuchanan (George)
Scottish historian and intellectual.
See more Robert BurnsBurns (Robert)
Alloway-born Scottish poet who wrote in English and Scots and is regarded as a pioneer of the Romantic movement; collector of traditional songs and ballads; was active as an exciseman.
See more James Butler [1st duke of Ormond]Butler (James) ... 1st duke of Ormond
Irish statesman, first duke of Ormond, lord lieutenant of Ireland.
See more James Butler [4th earl of Ormond]Butler (James) ... 4th earl of Ormond
Buitilléar (Séamus) ... 4th earl of Desmond
James Butler (in Irish, Séamus Buitilléar) was fourth earl of Ormond, known as the ‘White Earl’, elder son of James Butler, previous earl of Ormond, and Anne Welles; patron of Irish learning and literature.
See more Cadwgan [bishop of Bangor]Cadwgan ... bishop of Bangor
Cadwgan of Llandefai
Bishop of Bangor (1215–1235/6), previously abbot of Whitland.
See more J. L. CampbellCampbell (J. L.)
Scottish scholar of Gaelic and Scots oral traditions.
See more Edmund CampionCampion (Edmund)
English Jesuit priest and martyr, son of a London-based bookseller; one-time tutor to Richard Stanihurst in Ireland and author of Two bokes of the histories of Ireland (1571). Because his preaching activities in various parts of England were deemed dangerous and political by Anglican authorities, he was arrested on the charge of high treason and finally, hanged, drawn and quartered.
See more Caradog of LlancarfanCaradog of Llancarfan
(d. after 1138)
Caradoc of Llancarfan
See more George CarewCarew (George)
Carew (George) ... 1st earl of Totnes
English administrator and military officer at the time of the Tudor conquest of Ireland; 1st earl of Totnes (since 1626); antiquarian and author.
See more Cináed mac AilpínCináed mac Ailpín
Cinaed mac Ailpín, Kenneth I of Scotland, Kenneth MacAlpin, Cináed mac Alpin
No short description available
See more Cináed mac Maíl CholuimCináed mac Maíl Choluim
(r. 971–d. 995)
Kenneth II of Scotland
King of Scots in succession to Cuilén mac Iduilb (d. 971); son of Máel Coluim mac Domnaill.
See more Clemens ScottusClemens Scottus
(Scottus/Scotus), Irish peregrinus, grammarian and teacher active at the court of Louis the Pious.
See more Colmán EloColmán Elo
Colmán moccu Sailni, Colmán mac Beognai
patron saint of Lann Elo (Lynally, Co. Offaly)
See more Colmán of LindisfarneColmán, bishop of Lindisfarne
Irish monk from Iona and bishop of Lindisfarne
See more Robert CottonCotton (Robert)
Sir Robert Bruce, 1st baronet, of Connington Hall, was an English politician, antiquary and collector of manuscripts, who established the Cotton library.
See more Richard CreaghCreagh (Richard)
(Catholic) archbishop of Armagh; was born in Limerick as the son of a merchant.
See more CyngarCyngar
(supp. fl. early 8th century)
Cyngar of Congresbury, Cungar of Congresbury
Patron saint of Congresbury (Cungres-byrig) in Somerset, to which it supposedly gave its name. His origins are obscure. It has been suggested that he was originally a Welsh/British saint, and/or that he was invented to explain the placename and equip Congresbury with an origin story, based perhaps on a version of the Welsh saint. His vita shows certain affinities with 12th-century Welsh Latin hagiography associated with Caradog and the monastery of Llancarfan.
See more Cyngar of LlangefniCyngar of Llangefni
(supp. fl. 6th century?)
Patron saint of Llangefni, Anglesey, and Hope (olim Llangyngar), Flintshire; apparently the saint of this name who is described as kinsman of St Cybi in the latter’s Life. He may be related to St Cungar of Congresbury, whose Life attributes to him two unspecified foundations in Glamorgan.
See more Dafydd ap LlywelynDafydd ap Llywelyn
prince of Gwynedd, son of Llywelyn ab Iorwerth and Joan, illegitimate daughter of King John.
See more Dafydd GamDafydd Gam
Dafydd Gam ap Llewelyn ap Hywel, nobleman who died fighting on the side of King Henry V at the Battle of Agincourt; opponent of Owain Glyndŵr.
See more Richard DaviesDavies (Richard)
Welsh bishop, first of St Asaph, later of St Davids; a scholar whose achievements included translating parts of the New Testament into Welsh and writing the Epistol at y Cembru.
See more Hugh de Lacy [earl of Ulster]de Lacy (Hugh) ... earl of Ulster
Anglo-Norman magnate who made a career in Ireland as a soldier and lord and became the first earl of Ulster in 1205. He was the son of Hugh de Lacy (d. 1186), lord of Meath, and his first wife, Rose of Monmouth (Rose de Baderon).
See more Hugh de Lacy [lord of Meath]de Lacy (Hugh) ... lord of Meath
Magnate, son of Gilbert de Lacy (d. 1163), lord of Weobley, Herefordshire. After he accompanied Henry II on his 1171 visit to Ireland, he was entrusted with the kingdom of Mide.
See more John DeeDee (John)
(13 July 1527–1608/1609)
No short description available
See more Deicolus of LureDeicolus of Lure
Irish peregrinus, alleged to be a half-brother of Gall, disciple of Columbanus and founder of a hermitage at Lure/Lutre in Burgundy, which would become the abbey of Lure.
See more Henry DocwraDocwra (Henry)
First Baron Docwra of Culmore, army officer.
See more Domnall úa NéillDomnall úa Néill
Domnall Ard Macha, Domnall of Armagh
High-king of Ireland (965–980) from Cenél nÉogain, son of Muirchertach mac Néill and Gormflaith.
See more Donnchad mac BríainDonnchad mac Bríain
son of Brían Bóruma
See more Dúngal of Saint-Denis and PaviaDúngal of Saint-Denis and Pavia
(d. after 827/828)
Irish scholar, teacher and poet known for his career on the continent, who was associated with Saint-Denis, Pavia and Bobbio.
See more Ecgfrith of NorthumbriaEcgfrith of Northumbria
King of Northumbria (r. 670–685), elder son of Oswiu and Eanflæd.
See more Edmund of AbingdonEdmund of Abingdon
English theologian and teacher who became archbishop of Canterbury (1234–1240) and was later canonised as a saint.
See more William ElphinstoneElphinstone (William)
Scottish churchman, bishop of Aberdeen (1483-1514), founder of the University of Aberdeen (est. 1451).
See more J. Gwenogvryn EvansEvans (J. Gwenogvryn)
See more Richard FentonFenton (Richard)
Welsh poet and author of topographical works
See more Gerald FitzGerald [3rd earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (Gerald) ... 3rd earl of Desmond
Gerald fitz Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd earl of Desmond, justiciar of Ireland and poet, known as Gearóid Iarla; son of Maurice fitz Thomas FitzGerald.
See more Gerald FitzGerald [15th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (Gerald) ... 15th earl of Desmond
Gerald fitz James FitzGerald, 15th (or 14th) earl of Desmond, son of the previous earl James fitz John FitzGerald.
See more James fitz Gerald FitzGerald [16th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (James fitz Gerald) ... 16th earl of Desmond
Tower Earl, Queen's Earl
16th (or 15th earl) of Desmond, only son and successor of the previous earl Gerald and Eleanor Butler.
See more James fitz Thomas FitzGerald [16th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (James fitz Thomas) ... 16th earl of Desmond
James fitz Thomas FitzGerald, called the súgán (straw-rope) earl of Desmond and styled the 16th (or 15th) earl, was son of Sir Thomas fitz James FitzGerald, who despite being bastardised aspired to the title of earl of Desmond in opposition to his half-brother Gerald and fought for the English Crown. After Gerald’s death, the Crown dissolved the earldom in favour of a Munster plantation, but faced an uprising led in part by Hugh O'Neill, earl of Tyrone. Where James had previously turned to the Crown in the hope of becoming earl of Desmond, he accepted that title from the rebels. In the ensuing years, however, he experienced great difficulty in making his authority felt. In 1601, he was captured and sent to the Tower of London, where he died in c.1607.
See more James FitzGerald [14th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (James) ... 14th earl of Desmond
James fitz John FitzGerald, 14th (or 13th) earl of Desmond, son of John fitz Thomas Fitzgerald, de facto 13th (or 12th) earl of Desmond, and More, daughter of Donogh O'Brien of Carrigogunnell.
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