Oxford dictionary of national biography, Online: Oxford University Press, 2004–present.

Citation details
Oxford dictionary of national biography
Oxford University Press
Contributions indexed individually i.e. contributions for which a separate page is available
General editors include Lawrence Goldman, et al.
Subjects and topics
encyclopedias biographies
History, society and culture
Adam UskAdam Usk
(c. 1350–1430)
Usk (Adam), Adam of Usk
Chronicler and canonist born in Usk (W. Brynbuga), Monmouthshire, and educated at Oxford.
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Ailred of RievaulxAilred of Rievaulx
Aelred of Rievaulx
No short description available
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Thomas Allen [mathematician]Allen (Thomas) ... mathematician
English mathematician and antiquary.
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Saint AsaphSaint Asaph
(fl. 6th century)
Welsh saint, patron of St Asaph (W. Llanelwy) and its diocese as well as the nearby Llanasa (Flintshire). It has been suggested that Asaph was originally a local saint associated with Llanasa and that his assocation with Llanelwy and the diocese was a 12th-century innovation. A good part of his dossier is formed by traditions associated with St Kentigern from the 12th century onwards, notably Jocelin’s vita of the latter, according to which the church of the see of St Asaph was originally founded by Kentigern, who appointed Asaph, one of his disciples, as his successor.
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Thomas AstleAstle (Thomas)
English archivist and antiquarian.
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Daines BarringtonBarrington (Daines)
(d. 1800)
English lawyer, antiquary and naturalist.
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Bartholomew [bishop of Exeter]Bartholomew ... bishop of Exeter
(d. 1184)
Bishop of Exeter and theologian, who was born in Normandy, studied in Canterbury (possibly Paris prior to that) and was archdeacon of Exeter before being elected bishop.
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Benedict of GloucesterBenedict of Gloucester
(fl.c. 1150)
English Benedictine monk at St Peter's Abbey, Gloucester, who wrote a life of St Dyfrig.
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William BorlaseBorlase (William)
Cornish clergyman, geologist, naturalist and antiquarian; author of works such as The antiquities of Cornwall (first published in 1754) and The natural history of Cornwall (1758).
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Walter BowerBower (Walter)
Abbot and canon regular of Inchcolm Abbey and historian who wrote an elaborate work known as the Scotichronicon.
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Richard Boyle [1st earl of Cork]Boyle (Richard) ... 1st earl of Cork
English politician, born in Kent, who confiscated much land in Munster and became the first earl of Cork (1620) and lord treasurer of Ireland (1631).
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Robert BoyleBoyle (Robert)
Anglo-Irish scientist, natural philosopher, a son of Richard, first earl of Cork (d. 1643); a devout Anglican who financed the printing of the Irish Bible.
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Arthur BrownlowBrownlow (Arthur)
Anglo-Irish landowner at Lurgan (Co. Armagh) whose collection of Irish manuscripts attracted the attention of Edward Lhuyd in 1699.
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Brychan BrycheiniogBrychan Brycheiniog
(fl. c.500)
king of Brycheiniog, described as a son of a certain Irish king named Anlach son of Coronac and Marchell, daughter of Tewdrig, king of Garthmadryn (later Brycheiniog).
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George BuchananBuchanan (George)
Bochanan (Seòras)
Scottish historian and intellectual.
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Robert BurnsBurns (Robert)
Burns (Rabbie)
Alloway-born Scottish poet who wrote in English and Scots and is regarded as a pioneer of the Romantic movement; collector of traditional songs and ballads; was active as an exciseman.
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James Butler [1st duke of Ormond]Butler (James) ... 1st duke of Ormond
Irish statesman, first duke of Ormond, lord lieutenant of Ireland.
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James Butler [4th earl of Ormond]Butler (James) ... 4th earl of Ormond
Buitilléar (Séamus) ... 4th earl of Desmond
James Butler (in Irish, Séamus Buitilléar) was fourth earl of Ormond, known as the ‘White Earl’, elder son of James Butler, previous earl of Ormond, and Anne Welles; patron of Irish learning and literature.
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Cadwgan [bishop of Bangor]Cadwgan ... bishop of Bangor
(d. 1241)
Cadwgan of Llandefai
Bishop of Bangor (1215–1235/6), previously abbot of Whitland.
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J. L. CampbellCampbell (J. L.)
Scottish scholar of Gaelic and Scots oral traditions.
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Edmund CampionCampion (Edmund)
English Jesuit priest and martyr, son of a London-based bookseller; one-time tutor to Richard Stanihurst in Ireland and author of Two bokes of the histories of Ireland (1571). Because his preaching activities in various parts of England were deemed dangerous and political by Anglican authorities, he was arrested on the charge of high treason and finally, hanged, drawn and quartered.
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Caradog of LlancarfanCaradog of Llancarfan
(d. after 1138)
Caradoc of Llancarfan
Welsh hagiographer
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George CarewCarew (George)
Carew (George) ... 1st earl of Totnes
English administrator and military officer at the time of the Tudor conquest of Ireland; 1st earl of Totnes (since 1626); antiquarian and author.
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Cináed mac AilpínCináed mac Ailpín
(d. 858)
Cinaed mac Ailpín, Kenneth I of Scotland, Kenneth MacAlpin, Cináed mac Alpin
No short description available
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Cináed mac Maíl CholuimCináed mac Maíl Choluim
(r. 971–d. 995)
Kenneth II of Scotland
King of Scots in succession to Cuilén mac Iduilb (d. 971); son of Máel Coluim mac Domnaill.
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Clemens ScottusClemens Scottus
(fl.c. 814–826)
(Scottus/Scotus), Irish peregrinus, grammarian and teacher active at the court of Louis the Pious.
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Colmán EloColmán Elo
(d. 611)
Colmán moccu Sailni, Colmán mac Beognai
patron saint of Lann Elo (Lynally, Co. Offaly)
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Colmán of LindisfarneColmán, bishop of Lindisfarne
(d. 676)
Irish monk from Iona and bishop of Lindisfarne
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Robert CottonCotton (Robert)
Sir Robert Bruce, 1st baronet, of Connington Hall, was an English politician, antiquary and collector of manuscripts, who established the Cotton library.
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Richard CreaghCreagh (Richard)
Crevagh (Richard)
(Catholic) archbishop of Armagh; was born in Limerick as the son of a merchant.
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(supp. fl. early 8th century)
Cyngar of Congresbury, Cungar of Congresbury
Patron saint of Congresbury (Cungres-byrig) in Somerset, to which it supposedly gave its name. His origins are obscure. It has been suggested that he was originally a Welsh/British saint, and/or that he was invented to explain the placename and equip Congresbury with an origin story, based perhaps on a version of the Welsh saint. His vita shows certain affinities with 12th-century Welsh Latin hagiography associated with Caradog and the monastery of Llancarfan.
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Cyngar of LlangefniCyngar of Llangefni
(supp. fl. 6th century?)
Patron saint of Llangefni, Anglesey, and Hope (olim Llangyngar), Flintshire; apparently the saint of this name who is described as kinsman of St Cybi in the latter’s Life. He may be related to St Cungar of Congresbury, whose Life attributes to him two unspecified foundations in Glamorgan.
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Dafydd ap LlywelynDafydd ap Llywelyn
prince of Gwynedd, son of Llywelyn ab Iorwerth and Joan, illegitimate daughter of King John.
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Dafydd GamDafydd Gam
(d. 1415)
Dafydd Gam ap Llewelyn ap Hywel, nobleman who died fighting on the side of King Henry V at the Battle of Agincourt; opponent of Owain Glyndŵr.
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Richard DaviesDavies (Richard)
(d. 1581)
Welsh bishop, first of St Asaph, later of St Davids; a scholar whose achievements included translating parts of the New Testament into Welsh and writing the Epistol at y Cembru.
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Hugh de Lacy [earl of Ulster]De Lacy (Hugh) ... earl of Ulster
(d. 1242)
Anglo-Norman magnate who made a career in Ireland as a soldier and lord and became the first earl of Ulster in 1205. He was the son of Hugh de Lacy (d. 1186), lord of Meath, and his first wife, Rose of Monmouth (Rose de Baderon).
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Hugh de Lacy [lord of Meath]De Lacy (Hugh) ... lord of Meath
(d. 1186)
Magnate, son of Gilbert de Lacy (d. 1163), lord of Weobley, Herefordshire. After he accompanied Henry II on his 1171 visit to Ireland, he was entrusted with the kingdom of Mide.
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John DeeDee (John)
(13 July 1527–1608/1609)
No short description available
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Deicolus of LureDeicolus of Lure
(d. c.625)
Irish peregrinus, alleged to be a half-brother of Gall, disciple of Columbanus and founder of a hermitage at Lure/Lutre in Burgundy, which would become the abbey of Lure.
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Henry DocwraDocwra (Henry)
(d. 1631)
Dowcra (Henry)
First Baron Docwra of Culmore, army officer.
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Domnall úa NéillDomnall úa Néill
(d. 980)
Domnall Ard Macha, Domnall of Armagh
High-king of Ireland (965–980) from Cenél nÉogain, son of Muirchertach mac Néill and Gormflaith.
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Donnchad mac BríainDonnchad mac Bríain
(d. 1064)
son of Brían Bóruma
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Dúngal of Saint-Denis and PaviaDúngal of Saint-Denis and Pavia
(d. after 827/828)
Irish scholar, teacher and poet known for his career on the continent, who was associated with Saint-Denis, Pavia and Bobbio.
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Ecgfrith of NorthumbriaEcgfrith of Northumbria
King of Northumbria (r. 670–685), elder son of Oswiu and Eanflæd.
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Edmund of AbingdonEdmund of Abingdon
English theologian and teacher who became archbishop of Canterbury (1234–1240) and was later canonised as a saint.
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William ElphinstoneElphinstone (William)
Scottish churchman, bishop of Aberdeen (1483-1514), founder of the University of Aberdeen (est. 1451).
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Erhard of RegensburgErhard of Regensburg
(fl. 7th/?8th century)
Erard of Regensburg
Bishop of Regensburg, of whom little is known historically. His relics were translated in 1052 and a life was written for him not long thereafter which claimed that he was a missionary from Ireland.
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J. Gwenogvryn EvansEvans (J. Gwenogvryn)
(d. 1930)
Welsh palaeographer.
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Richard FentonFenton (Richard)
Welsh poet and author of topographical works
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Gerald FitzGerald [3rd earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (Gerald) ... 3rd earl of Desmond
Gerald fitz Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd earl of Desmond, justiciar of Ireland and poet, known as Gearóid Iarla; son of Maurice fitz Thomas FitzGerald.
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Dennis Groenewegen
Page created
February 2011, last updated: March 2021