Ystorya Dared ‘The (hi)story of Dared’

  • Middle Welsh
  • prose
  • Welsh chronicles
Medieval Welsh adaptation of the Historia Daretis Phrygii de excidio Troiae, a Latin account of the destruction of Troy ascribed to Dares Phrygius.
  • Middle Welsh
13th century?
prose (primary)
Textual relationships
(Possible) sources: Historia Daretis Phrygii de excidio TroiaeHistoria Daretis Phrygii de excidio TroiaeView incoming data


Welsh chroniclesWelsh chronicles


Trojan War
Trojan War
id. 61073


Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

[dipl. ed.] Thomas, Peter Wynn [ed.], D. Mark Smith, and Diana Luft [transcribers and encoders], Welsh prose (Rhyddiaith Gymraeg) 1300–1425, Online: Cardiff University, 2007–present. URL: <http://www.rhyddiaithganoloesol.caerdydd.ac.uk>.

Diplomatic editions of the texts in the Red Book of Hergest (Oxford, Jesus College, MS 111), Cardiff 1.362 (Hafod 1), NLW MS 3035, BL MS Add. 19709, NLW MS Pen. 47i, NLW MS Pen. 19, Philadelphia MS 8680, and BL MS Cotton Cleopatra B v/iii.

[ed.] [tr.] Miles, Brent, An introduction to Middle Welsh: a learner’s grammar of the medieval language and reader, Toronto, 2023. URL: <https://hdl.handle.net/1807/128582>. 

An Introduction to Middle Welsh: A Learner’s Grammar of the Medieval Language and Reader presents a complete course in reading Middle Welsh. The course is intended both for those who are working with a teacher and for self-learners, and assumes no prior knowledge of any Celtic language. A Learner’s Grammar introduces the grammatical constructions and vocabulary required for the person who wishes to read medieval Welsh prose, with exercises from authentic Welsh texts in each unit. The Reader in the second part presents long excerpts from texts from medieval Welsh literature and history. A full Glossary is included.

352–404 An edition of the complete text in the Red Book of Hergest, included as part of the reader. Incl. brief introduction, English translation and textual notes.
[ed.] Owens, B. G., “Y fersiynau Cymraeg o Dares Phrygius (Ystorya Dared)”, MA thesis, University of Wales, 1951.
A critical edition of all the textual witnesses.
[ed.] Rhŷs, John, and J. Gwenogvryn Evans, The text of the Bruts from the Red Book of Hergest, Series of Old Welsh Texts, 2, Oxford: Evans, 1890.
Internet Archive: <link>
1–39 A transcription of the Red Book of Hergest version.
[ed.] Evans, D. Silvan, “Mabinogion. Ystori Dared”, Y Brython 2:7 (Mai, 1859): 97–99.
NLW Digital Mirror: <link>
[ed.] Evans, D. Silvan, “Mabinogion. Ystori Dared”, Y Brython 2:8 (Mehefin, 1859): 113–115.
NLW Digital Mirror: <link>
[ed.] Evans, D. Silvan, “Mabinogion. Ystori Dared”, Y Brython 2:9 (Gorphenaf, 1859): 131–132.
NLW Digital Mirror: <link>
[ed.] Evans, D. Silvan, “Mabinogion. Ystori Dared”, Y Brython 2:10 (Awst, 1859): 147–149.
NLW Digital Mirror: <link>
[ed.] Evans, D. Silvan, “Mabinogion. Ystori Dared”, Y Brython 2:11 (Medi, 1859): 164–166.
NLW Digital Mirror: <link>

Secondary sources (select)

Fulton, Helen, “A medieval Welsh version of the Troy story: editing Ystorya Dared”, in: Vincent Gillespie, and Anne Hudson (eds), Probable truth: editing medieval texts from Britain in the twenty-first century, 5, Turnhout: Brepols, 2013. 355–372.
Fulton, Helen, “Troy story: the medieval Welsh Ystorya Dared and the Brut tradition of British history”, The Medieval Chronicle 7 (2011): 137–150.
Jäcke, Anja, “Auf den Spuren des insularen Dares”, in: Franziska Bock, Dagmar Bronner, and Dagmar Schlüter (eds), Allerlei Keltisches. Studien zu Ehren von Erich Poppe. Studies in honour of Erich Poppe, Berlin: curach bhán, 2011. 29–44.
Poppe, Erich, “Personal names and an insular tradition of Pseudo-Dares”, Ériu 53 (2003): 53–59.
Dennis Groenewegen
Page created
November 2013, last updated: January 2024