Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, MS Clm 396 Isidore, De natura rerum

  • Latin
  • s. ixex
  • Continental manuscripts
  • vellum
Collection: Codices latini monacenses
Clm 396
Provenance and related aspects
s. ixex
late 9th century (Bierbrauer); 10th century (Halm).
Origin, provenance
Origin: Brittany
No short description available

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No short description available

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Brittany, or possibly Wales (Bierbrauer citing Bischoff).
Hands, scribes
Codicological information
Table of contents

Links to texts use a standardised title for the catalogue and so may or may not reflect what is in the manuscript itself, hence the square brackets. Their appearance comes in three basic varieties, which are signalled through colour coding and the use of icons, , and :

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The above method of differentiating between links has not been applied yet to texts or citations from texts which are included in the context of other texts, commonly verses.


While it is not a reality yet, CODECS seeks consistency in formatting references to locations of texts and other items of interest in manuscripts. Our preferences may be best explained with some examples:

  • f. 23ra.34: meaning folio 23 recto, first column, line 34
  • f. 96vb.m: meaning folio 96, verso, second column, middle of the page (s = top, m = middle, i = bottom)
    • Note that marg. = marginalia, while m = middle.
  • p. 67b.23: meaning page 67, second column, line 23
The list below has been collated from the table of contents, if available on this page,Progress in this area is being made piecemeal. Full and partial tables of contents are available for a small number of manuscripts. and incoming annotations for individual texts (again, if available).Whenever catalogue entries about texts are annotated with information about particular manuscript witnesses, these manuscripts can be queried for the texts that are linked to them.


Primary sources This section typically includes references to diplomatic editions, facsimiles and photographic reproductions, notably digital image archives, of at least a major portion of the manuscript. For editions of individual texts, see their separate entries.

[dig. img.] Münchener DigitalisierungsZentrum (MDZ): Digitale Bibliothek, Online: Münchener DigitalisierungsZentrum, ...–present. URL: <>.
Images direct link

Secondary sources (select)

Bierbrauer, Katharina, Die vorkarolingischen und karolingischen Handschriften der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek, Katalog der illuminierten Handschriften der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek in München, 1, Wiesbaden: Reichert, 1990. <link>
137 [id. 262.] Catalogue description direct link
Bischoff, Bernhard, “Die europäische Verbreitung der Werke Isidors von Sevilla”, in: Manuel C. Díaz y Díaz (ed.), Isidoriana: Colección de estudios sobre Isidoro de Sevilla, León: Centro de Estudios San Isidoro, 1961. 317–344.
Internet Archive: <link>
Halm, Karl [ed.], Catalogus codicum latinorum Bibliothecae Regiae Monacensis, vol. 1.1: Clm 1–2329, rev. ed., Catalogus codicum manu scriptorum Bibliothecae Regiae Monacensis, 3.1, Munich, 1892. <link> View in Mirador
105 Brief catalogue entry direct link
Dennis Groenewegen
Page created
December 2014, last updated: August 2023