Latin apocalypse (Avranches MS 108)

  • Latin
  • prose
Fragment of a Latin apocalyptic text in which Christ is made to prophesy the end of the world as well as the coming of the Antichrist. It is found as a later, 10th-century marginal addition (partly erased) to a 9th-century manuscript, possibly from Mont St-Michel (Avranches, BM, MS 108). This text, in particular its description of the physical appearance of the Antichrist, has been cited for its close parallels to a number of Irish versions of the Antichrist legend.
ff. 50v, 111v–115r
Fragment. Text added to the bottoms margins in the 10th century. Partially erased. Provenance: Mont-Saint-Michel.
  • Latin
prose (primary)



Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

[ed.] Bischoff, Bernhard, “[VII] Vom Ende der Welt und vom Antichrist (I); Fragment einer Jenseitsvision (II) (Zehntes Jahrhundert)”, in: Bernhard Bischoff (ed.), Anecdota novissima: Texte des vierten bis sechzehnten Jahrhunderts, 7, Stuttgart: Karl W. Hiersemann, 1984. 80–84.
81 (text)
[tr.] McGinn, Bernard, Antichrist: two thousand years of the human fascination with evil, New York, San Francisco: Harper, 1994.
98 Chapter: ‘Antichrist established: the final enemy in the early middle ages (500-1100)’

Secondary sources (select)

McNamara, Martin, “The Irish legend of Antichrist”, in: Florentino García Martínez, and Gerard P. Luttikhuizen (eds), Jerusalem, Alexandria, Rome: studies in ancient intercultural interaction in honour of A. Hilhorst, 82, Leiden: Brill, 2003. 201–219.
Dennis Groenewegen
Page created
September 2019, last updated: June 2023