Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales, Peniarth MS 5 Llyfr Gwyn Rhydderch, part 1
- c. 1350
- Welsh manuscripts
First part of the White Book of Rhydderch.
Llwyd (Rhydderch ab Ieuan)
Welsh jurist and patron of literature
See more The title Llyfr Gwyn Rhydderch, or Llyfr Gwyn i Rydderch, is in evidence by the 16th century. Daniel Huws has argued that it was probably named for Rhydderch ab Ieuan Llwyd (d. by 1400), from Parc Rhydderch (par. Llangeitho, Ceredigion), and that the manuscript was put together for him. He also makes the case for Strata Florida abbey, ten miles from Rhydderch’s home at Parc Rhydderch, as the locus of compilation or the centre that produced most of its scribes.
Welsh calligrapher and transcriber of Welsh manuscripts
See more Robert VaughanVaughan (Robert)
Welsh antiquary; collector of manuscripts in the Hengwrt library
See more John Jones of Gellilyfdy (d. c.1659) is known to have been in possession of the White Book of Rhydderch (Peniarth MSS 5 and 4). It was bequeathed, along with many other manuscripts, to Robert Vaughan and held in his library at Hengwrt.
Copied quire 1-4. Rules only by hard point. Makes a double ruling for the outer margin. Writes in a single collumn with 46-51 lines per page.Specimens (IIIF):
Copied quire 5-9. Possibly the Anchorite of Llandewibrefi. Rules only by hard point. Makes a double ruling for the outer margin. Writes in two collumns with 42 (quire 5) or 36 (quire 6-9) lines per page.Specimens (IIIF):
Copied quire 10-14. Rules using both hard point and plummet. Makes a single ruling for the outer margin. Writes in two collumns with 30-35 lines per page.Specimens (IIIF):
A further eight lines on f. 65v were written in “a hand of the first half of the fifteenth century” (Huws 2000). Like the addition that precedes it, the text is difficult to read, but has been identified as three englynion taken from an awdl by Gruffudd Fychan ap Gruffudd ab Ednyfed.
Fol. 1 of quire 1 is wanting; the present fol. 1 is a blank leaf added probably in the nineteenth century. Leaves 4 and 11-16 of quire 4 are missing, whilst 9 and 10 are stubs; there are blank replacements probably of the nineteenth century. The last leaf should have been numbered 58.
2 quires consisting of nineteen leaves are missing between quire 5 and 6.
A single leaf is missing between quire 7 and 8; the present fol. 90 is a modern blank leaf.
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Secondary sources (select)
page url: https://codecs.vanhamel.nl/Aberystwyth,_National_Library_of_Wales,_Peniarth_MS_5
numerical alternative: https://codecs.vanhamel.nl/index.php?curid=18471
page ID: 18471
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