Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, MS 458 Theological miscellany produced for Baldo of Salzburg

  • Latin
  • s. ix
  • Continental manuscripts
  • vellum
Manuscript miscellany produced for Baldo, teacher of the cathedral school in Salzburg, probably in the middle of the ninth century, during the episcopacy of Liuphramm. It contains mostly theological treatises, including Adomnán’s De locis sanctis and several of Alcuin’s writings.
Collection: Western manuscripts: Codices 1–15500
Salzburg 174
Provenance and related aspects
s. ix
Origin, provenance
Provenance: Salzburg.
Hands, scribes
Hermann (1923) distinguishes between three, similar hands, all of them writing in a type of minuscule that is shared with other Salzburg manuscripts of the 9th century.
Hands indexed:
Hand 1 (ff 1-26) An anonymous hand wrote the copy of De locis sanctis and perhaps the distich on the flyleaf, which states that Baldo commissioned the book (see description of the contents). This Baldo is commonly identified with the Baldo who taught at the cathedral school of Salzburg and was associated, as both mentor and friend, with the Irishman Dúngal.
Hand 2 (ff 27-189)
Hand 3 (ff 189-191)
Baldo of Salzburg
Baldo of Salzburg
(fl. 9th c.)
Teacher in the cathedral school of Salzburg, who has been identified as the patron who commissioned a copy of Adomnán’s De locis sanctis (Vienna MS 458) and the addressee of a poem, perhaps by Dúngal, beg. Baldo, Dei famule.

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Codicological information
28 cm × 18.5 cm
Table of contents

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The list below has been collated from the table of contents, if available on this page,Progress in this area is being made piecemeal. Full and partial tables of contents are available for a small number of manuscripts. and incoming annotations for individual texts (again, if available).Whenever catalogue entries about texts are annotated with information about particular manuscript witnesses, these manuscripts can be queried for the texts that are linked to them.


Primary sources This section typically includes references to diplomatic editions, facsimiles and photographic reproductions, notably digital image archives, of at least a major portion of the manuscript. For editions of individual texts, see their separate entries.

[dig. img.] ÖNB: Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Vienna, Online, ...–present. URL: <>.

Secondary sources (select)

MIRABILE, Online: Studio del Medioevo Latino, 2009–present. URL: <>. 
MIRABILE è un knowledge management system per lo studio e la ricerca sulla cultura medievale promosso dalla Società Internazionale per lo Studio del Medioevo Latino e dalla Fondazione Ezio Franceschini ONLUS di Firenze.
ÖNB: Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Vienna, Online, ...–present. URL: <>.
Bischoff, Bernhard, Die südostdeutschen Schreibschulen und Bibliotheken in der karolingerzeit, 2 vols, vol. 2: Die vorwiegend österreichischen diözesen, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1980.
155–156 [id. 158.]
Hermann, Julius, Die frühmittelalterlichen Handschriften des Abendlandes: Beschreibendes Verzeichnis der illuminierten Handschriften in Österreich. I. Band: Die illuminierten Handschriften und Inkunabeln der Nationalbibliothek in Wien, Leipzig: Karl W. Hiersemann, 1923.
 : <link>
167–170 direct link
Tabulae codicum manu scriptorum praeter graecos et orientales in Bibliotheca Palatina Vindobonensi asservatorum, 11 vols, Vienna, 1864–1912. <link>
Vol. 1,
C. A., Dennis Groenewegen
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January 2020, last updated: August 2023