Statud Gruffudd ap Cynan‘The statute of Gruffudd ap Cynan’

  • Early Modern Welsh
  • Welsh texts, Document
A set of regulations for the bardic orders of Wales, first compiled in association with the Caerwys eisteddfod of 1523 and later revised in association with the eisteddfod of 1567, again held at Caerwys. A list is found in Einir Gwenllian Thomas’s thesis (pp. 9-21).

According to Klausner’s estimate (2013), there are at least 70 manuscript versions of the text, many of which have been working copies belonging to bards.

  • Early Modern Welsh


Welsh textsWelsh texts



Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

[ed.] [tr.] Klausner, David N. (ed.), Records of early drama: Wales, Records of Early Drama, 18, Toronto, London: University of Toronto Press, British Library, 2005.
Internet Archive: <link>
159–165, 172–176 (texts); 349–356, 360–364 (translations) Critical edition based mainly BL Add. 19711 and Peniarth 158, with variants from other 16th-century MSS.
[ed.] Thomas, Einir Gwenllian, “Astudiaeth destunol o statud Gruffudd ap Cynan”, 3 vols, PhD thesis, Bangor University, 2001.
 : <link>
Vol. 3, 740–910
Edition wanted
An edition by Bethan Miles is forthcoming (Klausner 2013).
[ed.] Parry, Thomas, “Statud Gruffudd ap Cynan”, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 5:1 (1929): 25–33.
[ed.] Davies, J. H., “The roll of the Caerwys Eisteddfod of 1523”, Transactions of the Liverpool Welsh National Society 22–24 — sessions 22 (1904/5)–24 (1908/9) (1909): 87–102.

Secondary sources (select)

Klausner, David N., “The ‘Statute of Gruffudd ap Cynan’: a window on late-medieval Welsh bardic practice”, in: Sarah Sheehan, Joanne Findon, and Westley Follett (eds), Gablánach in scélaigecht: Celtic studies in honour of Ann Dooley, Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2013. 265–275.
Klausner, David N., “Statud Gruffudd ap Cynan”, Hanes Cerddoriaeth Cymru / Welsh Music History 3 (1999): 282–298.
C. A., Dennis Groenewegen
Page created
November 2013, last updated: March 2023