St Gall Priscian glosses

  • Old Irish, Latin
  • Irish glosses
Old Irish and Latin glosses to a ninth-century manuscript of the Latin grammar Institutiones grammaticae by Priscian of Caesarea (fl. early 6th century).
  • Old Irish Latin
Associated items
Dom-fharcai fidbaide fálDom-fharcai fidbaide fál


Irish glossesIrish glosses

Irish glossesIrish glosses


Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

[ed.] Moran, Pádraic [digital edition, transcription], and Rijcklof Hofman [transcription], St Gall Priscian glosses, Online: National University of Ireland, Galway, 2009–present. URL: <http://www.stgallpriscian.ie>.
[ed.] Hofman, Rijcklof, The Sankt Gall Priscian commentary: Part 1, 2 vols, Studien und Texte zur Keltologie, 1, Münster: Nodus Publikationen, 1996.  
comments: Contents:
Vol. 1: Introduction; Book 1-5.
Vol. 2: Translation and commentary; indices
First half of the glosses
[ed.] Stokes, Whitley, and John Strachan [eds.], Thesaurus palaeohibernicus: a collection of Old-Irish glosses, scholia, prose, and verse, 3 vols, vol. 2: Non-Biblical glosses and scholia; Old-Irish prose; names of persons and places; inscriptions; verse; indexes, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1903.  
comments: Reprinted by DIAS in 1987, together with Stokes' supplementary volume.
Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive – originally from Google Books: <link> Wikisource: <link>
49–224 [‘Glosses on Priscian (St Gall)’] direct link direct link

Secondary sources (select)

Bauer, Bernhard [principal researcher], The online database of the Old Irish Priscian glosses, Online: Indogermanistik Wien, 2014–. URL: <http://www.univie.ac.at/indogermanistik/priscian/>. 
... a corpus dictionary of all the Old Irish glosses dealing with the Latin grammar of Priscian, which are found in codex 904 of the Stiftsbibliothek of St Gall (Sankt Gallen, Switzerland) and in four minor mss. of roughly the same period, i.e.
  • Karlsruhe Codex Augiensis (Reichenau) CXXXII
  • Paris BN ms lat. 10290
  • Milan Bibl. Ambr. Codex Ambrosianus A 138 sup.
  • Leiden Universiteitsbibliotheek, BPL 67
To accomplish this task, the project worker Dr. Bernhard Bauer entered all the Old Irish Priscian glosses into a Filemaker database, analysed them grammatically, commented on them and, naturally, also provided a full glossary for them. This database is an adapted version of the one developed by Dr. Aaron Griffith for the Milan Glosses Dictionary Project. The main corpus of glosses adduced as a basis for this work, the St Gall glosses, was not taken from the gloss edition in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus but from a recently established online database containing the full text of the St Gall glosses. This database was compiled by Pádraic Moran and is itself based on the published as well as the unpublished work by Rijcklof Hofman on the Priscian glosses. Dr. Moran has kindly granted full access to this database.
(source: website)
A corpus dictionary of the Old Irish glosses
Hofman, Rijcklof, The Sankt Gall Priscian commentary: Part 1, vol. 1, Studien und Texte zur Keltologie, 1, Münster: Nodus Publikationen, 1996.  
comments: An introduction; and a transcription of the Irish and Latin glosses for Books 1-5.
Hofman, Rijcklof, The Sankt Gall Priscian commentary: Part 1, vol. 2, Studien und Texte zur Keltologie, 1, Münster: Nodus Publikationen, 1996.  
comments: Translation, commentary and indices.
Lambert, Pierre-Yves, “Notes sur quelques gloses à Priscien”, in: Bernadette Smelik, Rijcklof Hofman, Camiel Hamans, and David Cram (eds), A companion in linguistics: a Festschrift for Anders Ahlqvist on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday, Nijmegen: Stichting Uitgeverij de Keltische Draak, 2005. 36–48.
Ahlqvist, Anders, “Notes on the Greek materials in the St. Gall Priscian (Codex 904)”, in: Michael W. Herren, and Shirley Ann Brown (eds), The sacred nectar of the Greeks: the study of Greek in the West in the early Middle Ages, 2, London: King’s College, 1988. 195–214.
Hofman, Rijcklof, “Some new facts concerning the knowledge of Vergil in early medieval Ireland”, Études Celtiques 25 (1988): 189–212.
Persée – Études Celtiques, vol. 25, 1988: <link>
Hofman, Rijcklof, “Nieuw bewijsmateriaal voor de bekendheid van Vergilius in het vroegmiddeleeuwse Ierland”, in: Doris Edel, W. P. Gerritsen, and Kees Veelenturf (eds), Monniken, ridders en zeevaarders: opstellen over vroeg-middeleeuwse Ierse cultuur en Middelnederlandse letterkunde; aangeboden aan Maartje Draak; met een bibliografie van haar publikaties alsmede een autobiografische bijdrage, Amsterdam: Gerard Timmer Prods, 1988. 17–37.
Dennis Groenewegen
Page created
March 2013, last updated: January 2024