Llym awel
verse beg. Llym awel llum brin. amhaut caffael clid

  • Early Welsh
  • verse
Llym awel

First words also normalised/modernised to Llym awel llwm bryn.

First words (verse)
  • Llym awel llum brin. amhaut caffael clid
  • Early Welsh
verse (primary)
Number of stanzas: 36 englynion



Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

[ed.] Jacobs, Nicolas, Early Welsh gnomic and nature poetry, MHRA Library of Medieval Welsh Literature, London: MHRA, 2012.
Omits part of the poem.
[ed.] [tr.] Rowland, Jenny, Early Welsh saga poetry: a study and edition of the englynion, Cambridge: Brewer, 1990.  

Contents : Part I. Acknowledgements -- Introduction -- Chapter 1. The Llywarch Hen poems -- Appendix: early Welsh genealogical tracts -- Chapter 2. The Urien Rheged poems -- Chapter 3. Canu Heledd : I. The historical background, II. The poems -- Appendix: edition and text of Marwnad Cynddylan -- Chapter 4. Claf Abercuawg and penitential lyrics -- Chapter 5. Miscellaneous saga poems and the performance of the saga englynion -- Chapter 6. Other genres using the three-line englyn metres -- Chapter 7. Metrics, authorship, language, dating. -- Part II: Edition and translation of the texts -- The manuscripts of the saga englynion -- Editorial note -- Texts: Canu Llywarch -- Canu Heledd: Prologue, [etc.] ... [incl.] ‘Englynion Cadwallon’ -- ‘Claf Abercuawg’ and ‘Kyntaw geir’ -- Miscellaneous saga poems: Llym awel -- Geraint fab Erbin -- Gwyn ap Nudd -- Mi a wum -- Taliesin and Ugnach -- Seithennin -- Gwallawg -- Ysgolan -- Trystan fragments -- The three Juvencus englynion -- Miscellaneous stanzas. -- Translations -- Notes -- Abbreviations -- Bibliography -- General index -- Index to the textual notes.

454–457 (text); 501–503 (translation); 632–636 (notes)
[ed.] Jarman, A. O. H. [ed.], Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin, Cardiff: National University of Wales, 1982.
[id. 30.]
[ed.] Williams, Ifor, Canu Llywarch Hen, Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1935.
Internet Archive: <link>
27–29 (no. VII); 176–186 [‘Mechydd ap Llywarch’] Part of the poem (25 stt).
[ed.] Jackson, Kenneth Hurlstone, Early Welsh gnomic poems, Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1935.  

Texts edited: Texts: I. beg. Llym awel, llum brin -- II. beg. Baglawc bydin, bagwy onn -- III. beg. Eiry mynyd -- IV. beg. Gnawt gwynt o'r deheu -- V. beg. Kalan gaeaf, kalet grawn -- VI. beg. Gorwyn blaen onn -- VII (Bidiau I), beg. Bit goch crib keilyawc -- VIII (Bidiau II), beg. Bid gogor gan iar; bid trydar gan kew -- IX (Engylnion y misoedd), beg. Mis Jonawr, myglyd dyffryn.

Internet Archive: <link>
18–20 (text, no. I); 43–46 (notes) Stt. 1-22, 35.
[tr.] Ford, Patrick K., The poetry of Llywarch Hen, Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1974.
[tr.] Jackson, Kenneth Hurlstone, Studies in early Celtic nature poetry, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1935.
50–53 Stt. 1-22, 35.
Dennis Groenewegen
Page created
February 2023, last updated: June 2023