Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Aug. perg. 254 Unit: ff. 72-213

  • s. viiiex / s. ixin
  • distinct manuscript
  • Continental manuscripts
  • vellum
Provenance and related aspects
s. viiiex / s. ixin
Origin, provenance
Novara, northwest Italy. See Cau.
Hands, scribes
Codicological information
UnitCodicological unit. Indicates whether the entry describes a single leaf, a distinct or composite manuscript, etc.
distinct manuscript
Palaeographical information
Pre-Caroline minuscule.
Table of contents

Links to texts use a standardised title for the catalogue and so may or may not reflect what is in the manuscript itself, hence the square brackets. Their appearance comes in three basic varieties, which are signalled through colour coding and the use of icons, , and :

  1. - If a catalogue entry is both available and accessible, a direct link will be made. Such links are blue-ish green and marked by a bookmark icon.
  2. - When a catalogue entry does not exist yet, a desert brown link with a different icon will take you to a page on which relevant information is aggregated, such as relevant publications and other manuscript witnesses if available.
  3. - When a text has been ‘captured’, that is, a catalogue entry exists but is still awaiting publication, the same behaviour applies and a crossed eye icon is added.

The above method of differentiating between links has not been applied yet to texts or citations from texts which are included in the context of other texts, commonly verses.


While it is not a reality yet, CODECS seeks consistency in formatting references to locations of texts and other items of interest in manuscripts. Our preferences may be best explained with some examples:

  • f. 23ra.34: meaning folio 23 recto, first column, line 34
  • f. 96vb.m: meaning folio 96, verso, second column, middle of the page (s = top, m = middle, i = bottom)
    • Note that marg. = marginalia, while m = middle.
  • p. 67b.23: meaning page 67, second column, line 23
The list below has been collated from the table of contents, if available on this page,Progress in this area is being made piecemeal. Full and partial tables of contents are available for a small number of manuscripts. and incoming annotations for individual texts (again, if available).Whenever catalogue entries about texts are annotated with information about particular manuscript witnesses, these manuscripts can be queried for the texts that are linked to them.


See also the parent manuscript for further references.

Primary sources This section typically includes references to diplomatic editions, facsimiles and photographic reproductions, notably digital image archives, of at least a major portion of the manuscript. For editions of individual texts, see their separate entries.

[dig. img.] BLB (Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek): digitale Sammlungen, Online: Badische Landesbibliothek. URL: <>.
[dig. img.] Carolingian culture at Reichenau and St. Gall. Codex Sangallensis 1092: content and context, Online: University of Virginia; University of California at Los Angeles; University of Vienna. URL: <>. 
This site will provide access to the results of our long-term project of creating an extensive data base to aid research into the [St Gall] Plan and Carolingian monastic culture. Besides a variety of digital representations of the Plan itself, the site includes a graphic representation of how the Plan was physically made, detailed information on each of the elements of the Plan, and transcriptions and translations of its inscriptions. In addition, the site contains resources for understanding the material culture context of the Plan. A series of extensive data bases include one presenting physical objects found across Europe that add to our understanding of Carolingian monasticism, one devoted to the terminology of Carolingian material culture, descriptions of all known Carolingian religious edifices, and an extensive bibliography on both the Plan itself and Carolingian monastic culture generally. All these databases are searchable individually and collectively.

Secondary sources (select)

Stansbury, Mark [proj. dir.], and David Kelly [proj. dir.], Earlier Latin manuscripts: tools for studying the scripts of the oldest Latin manuscripts, Online: Department of Classics and Moore Institute, NUI Galway. URL: <>. 
The Earlier Latin Manuscripts Project is a database of manuscripts written in Latin before the year 800 based on the work of E. A. Lowe and his assistants published in Codices Latini Antiquiores. The work for this project was conducted in the Department of Classics and the Moore Institute of the National University of Ireland Galway. Funding for its completion was contributed by both the Moore Institute and the School of Languages, Literatures, and Cultures. [...] Data from the database can be accessed in 3 ways, each subject to the license above: # Via the web front-end, accessible using the menu above; # By downloading a .csv file containing some or all of the data. This option is presented at the top of the catalogue page where you can filter and refine the data you would like to download; # By accessing the data via a JSON API (Application Programming Interface). Documentation on accessing data using this method is provided in the Technical Overview Section.
(source: website (November 2016))
Bischoff, Bernhard, Katalog der festländischen Handschriften des neunten Jahrhunderts (mit Ausnahme der wisigotischen), vol. 1: Aachen–Lambach, Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für die Herausgabe der mittelalterlichen Bibliothekskataloge Deutschlands und der Schweiz, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1998.
[id. 1735.]
Cau, Ettore, “Scrittura e cultura a Novara (secoli VIII-X)”, Ricerche medievali 6–9 (1971–1974): 1–87.
 : <link>
Lowe, E. A., Codices Latini antiquiores: a palaeographical guide to Latin manuscripts prior to the ninth century. Part 8: Germany. Altenburg – Leipzig, Codices Latini Antiquiores 8, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959.
Holder, Alfred, Die Reichenauer Handschriften, vol. 1: Die Pergamenthandschriften, Die Handschriften der grossherzoglich badischen Hof- und Landesbibliothek in Karlsruhe 5, Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1906. – reprint (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1970): <link>
573–579, 701–702
Dennis Groenewegen
Page created
January 2020