Inscribed stone reused at early cemetery in Arfryn

The inscription reads ERCAGNI, which has been interpreted as either an Irish or British personal name in the (latinised) genitive form.
First words visible


Arfryn, par. Bodedern, Anglesey
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Date (range)
s. v4/4/vi1/4
Base language
Latin language
Embedded language
Brittonic language, Early Irish


Primary sources

[ed.] Celtic Inscribed Stones Project (CISP), Online: Department of History and Institute of Archaeology, University College London, 2001–present. URL: <>. 
The Celtic Inscribed Stones Project (CISP) has undertaken a collaborative, interdisciplinary study of all non-runic inscriptions on stone from Celtic language-speaking areas from the period c.400-c.1100 AD. One of its main objectives was the compilation of an accessible and comprehensive database of all known inscriptions. Data has been brought together in one place making it into a readily available and useful resource for researchers. New fieldwork was undertaken for the Breton and Channel Islands material by Katherine Forsyth, Kris Lockyear, Mark Handley and Paul Kershaw, of which the full results are available in book form: W. Davies, J. Graham-Campbell, M. Handley, P. Kershaw, J. T. Koch, G. Le Duc, K. Lockyear, The Inscriptions of Early Medieval Brittany, Oakville and Aberystwyth: Celtic Studies Publications, 2000. The Project was a joint project of the Department of History and the Institute of Archaeology, University College London, under the direction of Professor Wendy Davies and Professor James Graham-Campbell. [...]

The database includes every non-Runic inscription raised on a stone monument within Celtic-speaking areas (Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Dumnonia, Brittany and the Isle of Man) in the early middle ages (AD 400-1000). There are over 1,200 such inscriptions.  [...] Information on the stones has been broken down into three main types - SITE, STONE, and INSCRIPTION. [...]
[‘ARFYN/1’] direct link

Secondary sources (select)

Sims-Williams, Patrick, “The ERCAGNI inscription from Arfryn, Anglesey”, in: Patrick Sims-Williams (ed.), Studies on Celtic languages before the year 1000, Aberystwyth: CMCS Publications, 2007. 73–78.
C. A.
Page created
May 2020, last updated: June 2020