Final third of Bretha nemed toísech

  • Old Irish
  • Early Irish law texts
The final third of Bretha nemed toísech, much of which is presented as an address by the judge Morand to his pupil Neire. The text is primarily concerned with judges and judgments.
Context(s)The (textual) context(s) to which the present text belongs or in which it is cited in part or in whole.
  • Old Irish


Early Irish law textsEarly Irish law texts


MorannMorann, Morand
mythical judge (brithem) who is said to have given instructions of wisdom to the young king of Tara, Feradach Find Fechtnach son of Crimthann Nia Náir, after the revolt of the aithech-thúatha; besides Audacht Morainn, a number of further texts relating to wisdom and law are attributed to him.
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NeireNeire (Núallgnáth)
pupil/fosterson of the mythical judge Morann, whose instructions of wisdom he proclaims to the young king of Tara, Feradach Find Fechtnach (Audacht Morainn)
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Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

[dipl. ed.] Binchy, D. A. [ed.], Corpus iuris Hibernici, 7 vols, vol. 6, Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 1978.  
comments: numbered pp. 1926–2343; diplomatic edition of legal material from:
  • Dublin, Trinity College, MS 1336 (continued)
  • Dublin, Trinity College, MS 1387
  • Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Rawlinson B 502
  • Dublin, Trinity College, MS 1308
  • London, British Library, MS Additional 4783
  • London, British Library, MS Nero A 7
  • Copenhagen, Det Kongelige Bibliotek, MS NKS 261b
  • Dublin, National Library of Ireland, MS G 3
  • Dublin, National Library of Ireland, MS G 11
  • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS C i 2
  • Dublin, Trinity College, MS 1318/16
  • Dublin, Trinity College, MS E 3. 3
2221.8–2230.1; 2232.17–37; 2230.1–2232.17 Nero A 7
C. A., Dennis Groenewegen
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January 2013, last updated: December 2019