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From CODECS: Online Database and e-Resources for Celtic Studies
James fitz Thomas FitzGerald [16th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (James fitz Thomas) ... 16th earl of Desmond
(d. 1607)
James fitz Thomas FitzGerald, called the súgán (straw-rope) earl of Desmond and styled the 16th (or 15th) earl, was son of Sir Thomas fitz James FitzGerald, who despite being bastardised aspired to the title of earl of Desmond in opposition to his half-brother Gerald and fought for the English Crown. After Gerald’s death, the Crown dissolved the earldom in favour of a Munster plantation, but faced an uprising led in part by Hugh O'Neill, earl of Tyrone. Where James had previously turned to the Crown in the hope of becoming earl of Desmond, he accepted that title from the rebels. In the ensuing years, however, he experienced great difficulty in making his authority felt. In 1601, he was captured and sent to the Tower of London, where he died in c.1607.
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James FitzGerald [14th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (James) ... 14th earl of Desmond
(fl. 1530s–1558)
James fitz John FitzGerald, 14th (or 13th) earl of Desmond, son of John fitz Thomas Fitzgerald, de facto 13th (or 12th) earl of Desmond, and More, daughter of Donogh O'Brien of Carrigogunnell.
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Maurice FitzGerald [1st earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (Maurice) ... 1st earl of Desmond
(1293–1356)
first earl of Desmond and justificiar of Ireland, son of Thomas fitz Maurice FitzGerald, who was lord of Decies and Desmond and justiciar of Ireland, and of Margaret daughter of Thomas of Berkeley.
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Robin FlowerFlower (Robin)
(d. 1946)
Irish scholar.
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GallGall
(fl. 615)
Gallus, Saint Gall, Saint Gallus
Reputed founder of St. Gall in modern-day Switzerland and one of Columbanus’ companions. His 9th-century Lives written at Reichenau claim that he was of Irish origin.
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Garald of MayoGarald of Mayo
(d. 732)
Northumbrian associate of Colmán of Lindisfarne, abbot of Mag Eo (Mayo).
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Elis GruffyddGruffydd (Elis)
(c.1490–1552)
Welsh administrator and soldier as well as a chronicler and translator, who is probably known for having compiled an extensive Welsh-language chronicle of world history.
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Jaspar GryffythGryffyth (Jaspar)
(d. 1614)
Gryffyth (Jasper), Griffith (Jaspar)
Welsh clergyman and collector of manuscripts.
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Guto'r GlynGuto’r Glyn
(fl. c.1431–c.1490)
Welsh poet who produced a substantial body of praise poetry. His patrons included men such as Sir Richard Gethin of Builth, William Herbert of Raglan, Sir Roger Kynaston of Knockin and Henry Griffith of Newcourt.
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Gutun OwainGutun Owain
(fl. second half of the 15th century)
Gruffudd ap Huw ab Owain
Gutun Owain (Gruffudd ap Huw ab Owain), Welsh poet and scribe
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Pádraigín HaicéadHaicéad (Pádraigín)
(c.1604–1654)
Hackett (Patrick)
Irish Dominican priest, prior of Cashel, and poet.
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Augusta HallHall (Augusta)
(1802–1896)
Augusta Hall (née Waddington) was a patron of Welsh language and culture.
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Edward HarleyHarley (Edward)
(1689–1741)
Second earl of Oxford and Mortimer in succession to his father Robert Harley.
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Robert HarleyHarley (Robert)
(1661–1724)
First earl of Oxford and Mortimer.
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Herbert [bishop of Glasgow]Herbert ... bishop of Glasgow
(d. 1164)
Herbert of Selkirk
Tironensian monk who became third abbot of Selkirk (which moved to Kelso during his abbacy) and bishop of Glasgow (1147-1164).
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Hopcyn ap Tomas ab EinionHopcyn ap Tomas ab Einion
(fl. 1337–1408)
Hopkyn ap Thomas
Welsh nobleman and patron.
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Iolo MorganwgIolo Morganwg ... Edward Williams
(1747–1826)
Williams (Edward) ... Iolo Morganwg
Edward Williams, better known by the bardic name he chose for himself, Iolo Morganwg, was a Welsh poet and antiquarian as well as a literary forger.
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John of CornwallJohn of Cornwall
(d. in/after 1198)
Theologian and author.
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John of FordunJohn of Fordun
(d. in or after 1363)
John Fordun, Fordun (John)
Scottish historian and author of what is known as the Chronica gentis Scotorum, which was incorporated into Walter Bower’s Polychronicon. The Gesta annalia were also formerly attributed to him, but are now known as two works, Gesta annalia I and its continuation, Gesta annalia II, that are not connected to Fordun. Little is known of his life.
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Robert Jones [1810-1879]Jones (Robert) ... 1810-1879
(1810–1879)
Welsh Anglican priest, vicar of All Saints’ Church, Rotherhithe, London, as well as scholar of Welsh language and literature.
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William Jordan [of Helston]Jordan (William) ... of Helston
(fl. 1611)
Cornishman responsible for an incomplete transcript of the Cornish biblical play known as The creacion of the world or Gwreans an bys.
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P. W. JoyceJoyce (P. W.)
(1827–1914)
Irish historian, toponymist, writer and collector of music and oral traditions.
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John KeigwinKeigwin (John)
(c.1641/2–1716)
Cornish antiquary known for his translations of the Cornish-language works Pascon agan Arluth, Gwreans an bys and the Cornish Ordinalia. He was a nephew of William Scawen, for whom he translated Pascon agan Arluth.
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KentigernKentigern
(d. 612x614)
Mungo
also known by his pet-name Mungo, patron saint of the diocese of Glasgow, who is described as a Briton, son of St Teneu (Thaney) of Lothian and British chieftain Owain.
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Robert KirkKirk (Robert)
(1644–1692)
Episcopalian minister of Aberfoyle, Gaelic scholar and folklorist. He supervised the first combined edition of the Irish translations of the OT and NT, An Bíobla Naomhtha, in London in 1690. Kirk had the text transliterated from Irish into Roman script so that it might serve readers in the Scottish Highlands, although it remained an Irish text.
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James Kirkwood [Church of Scotland minister]Kirkwood (James) ... Church of Scotland minister
(c.1650–c.1709)
Church of Scotland minister who advocated the use of Scottish Gaelic and played an important role in Robert Kirk’s translation of the Bible into Scottish Gaelic.
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Stephen LangtonLangton (Stephen)
(c.1150–1228)
English cardinal and archbishop of Canterbury, who was consecrated in 1207, but did not accede to the see until 1213, after a period of exile.
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Lawrence of DurhamLawrence of Durham
(c. 1110–1154)
English monk of Durham priory, who went on to become sub-prior and later prior. He was also an author, hagiographer and poet and his prose writings include a Latin Life of St Brigit, which he sent to Ailred of Rievaulx.
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John LelandLeland (John)
(c.1503–1552)
English antiquary and poet.
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Lewys Glyn CothiLewys Glyn Cothi
(fl. 1447–1489)
Lewis Glyn Cothi, Llywelyn y Glyn
No short description available
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Lewys MônLewys Môn
(d. 1527)
Welsh poet from Anglesey.
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Llywelyn ap GruffuddLlywelyn ap Gruffudd
(d. 1282)
prince of Wales, a son of Gruffudd ap Llywelyn and Senana; grandson of Llywelyn ab Iorwerth.
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Mac an Bhaird familyMac an Bhaird family
No short description available
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Giolla na Naomh Mac AodhagáinMac Aodhagáin (Giolla na Naomh)
(fl. 15th century)
Irish scribe.
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Mac Bruaideadha familyMac Bruaideadha family
(fl. late 16th c./early 17th c.)
Mac Bruaidheadha family, Mac Bruideadha family, Mac Bruidheadha family, Clann Bhruaideadha
Irish Gaelic family of historians and poets based in Co. Clare.
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Tadhg mac Dáire Mac BruaidínMac Bruaidín (Tadhg mac Dáire)
(b. c.1570, d. in or after 1625)
Mac Bruaideadha (Tadgh mac Dáire)
Irish poet and genealogist of Co. Clare, ollamh to Donnchadh Ó Briain, 4th earl of Thomond; killed by one of Oliver Cromwell’s soldiers.
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Muirchertach Mac LochlainnMac Lochlainn (Muirchertach)
(d. 1166)
Prince of Ailech and high-king of Ireland, son of Níall Mac Lochlainn.
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Díarmait Mac MurchadaMac Murchada (Díarmait)
(c.1110–1171)
Díarmait Mac Murchada, MacMurrough (Dermot), Díarmait na nGall
king of Leinster, son of Donnchad Mac Murchada (d. 1115)
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Rob Donn MacAoidhMacAoidh (Rob Donn)
(d. 1778)
Mackay (Robert Donn), Robert Donn
Scottish Gaelic poet.
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Patrick MacDonald [1729-1824]MacDonald (Patrick) ... 1729-1824
(1729–1824)
Minister at Kilmore in Argyll and a collector of Gaelic music.
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Henry MackenzieMackenzie (Henry)
(1745–1831)
Scottish lawyer and writer.
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Ewen MacLachlanMacLachlan (Ewen)
(1773–1822)
M'Lachlan (Ewen)
Gaelic scholar and poet; librarian at the University and King's College, Aberdeen (1800-1818); head of the Grammar School (1819-1822); was involved in the compilation of John Macleod’s Gaelic-English dictionary.
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John MacLeod [d. 1841]MacLeod (John) ... d. 1841
(1756/57–1841)
Church of Scotland minister and Gaelic scholar.
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Máel Muru OthnaMáel Muru Othna
(d. 887)
Máel Muru of Othain
Early Irish poet and historian, who was apparently attached to the monastery of Othain (now Fahan, Inishowen barony, Co. Donegal), as his epithet suggests
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Máel Sechnaill mac DomnaillMáel Sechnaill mac Domnaill
(d. 1022)
Máel Sechnaill II
King of Mide and high-king of Ireland from the Clann Cholmáin branch of the Uí Néill.
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Maredudd ab OwainMaredudd ab Owain
(d. 999)
No short description available
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Narcissus MarshMarsh (Narcissus)
(1638–1713)
English churchman in the Church of Ireland, who served as bishop of Ferns and Leighlin (1683–1689), archbishop of Cashel (1691–1694), archbishop of Dublin (1694–1703) and finally as archbishop of Armagh (1703–1713). He founded Marsh's Library in Dublin.
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William MauriceMaurice (William)
(d. 1680)
Welsh antiquary, collector of manuscripts
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Lewis Morris [d. 1765]Morris (Lewis) ... Llewelyn Ddu o Fôn
(1701–1765)
Llewelyn Ddu o Fôn ... d. 1765
Welsh scholar and land surveyor. He and his brother Richard founded the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion.
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Fynes MorysonMoryson (Fynes)
(1565/66–1630)
English official, traveller and travel writer born in Lincolnshire, who is best known for his Itenerary (1617),a multi-volume work in which he offers descriptions of and observations on the many lands he visited abroad. This includes an account of his experiences in Ireland, where he had been secretary to Lord Mountjoy, the Lord Deputy of Ireland.
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Muirchertach mac MuiredaigMuirchertach mac Muiredaig
Muirchertach mac Erca
No short description available
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Muirchertach mac NéillMuirchertach mac Néill
(d. 943)
Muirchertach na Cochall Craicinin, Muirchertach of the Leather Cloaks
King of Ailech from the Cenél nÉogain, son of Níall Glúndub mac Áeda.
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Robert Morton NanceNance (Robert Morton)
(d. 1959)
No short description available
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Saint NeotSaint Neot
(d. in or before 878)
Saint associated with St Neot, Cornwall. According to his first Life, he was an English monk of Glastonbury abbey who retreated to a life of isolation and private prayer in what became the location for the foundation of his monastery in Cornwall; his relics are said to have been translated to St Neots, Huntingdonshire.
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Níall mac EochadaNíall mac Eochada
(d. 1063)
king of Ulaid, son of Eochada mac Ardgair
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Níall NoígíallachNíall Noígíallach
(supp. fl. 4th/5th century)
Níall mac Echach Muigmedóin
high-king of Ireland in early and medieval Irish tradition
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NinianNinian
(supp. fl. 5th–6th century)
Saint Ninian
saint, missionary and reputed founder of Candida Casa (Whithorn, Galloway, Scotland).
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Dáibhí Ó BruadairÓ Bruadair (Dáibhí)
(fl. 1625–c.1698(?))
Ó Bruadair (Dáibhídh), Ó Bruadair (David)
Prolific Irish poet.
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Aonghus Ruadh Ó DálaighÓ Dálaigh (Aonghus Ruadh)
(d. 1617)
Aonghus na n-Aor, an Bard Ruadh, O'Daly (Aengus)
Irish poet; composed a series of satirical verses on Gaelic families that is known collectively as Muintir fhiodhnacha na mionn.
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Rudhraighe mac Aodha meic Maghnusa Ó DomhnaillÓ Domhnaill (Rudhraighe mac Aodha meic Maghnusa)
(d. 1608)
Brother of Aodh Ruadh Ó Domhnaill.
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Uilliam Ó DomhnaillÓ Domhnaill (Uilliam)
(d. 1628)
Irish churchman, archbishop of Tuam (Church of Ireland); scholar of Trinity College, Dublin; continued an Irish translation of the New Testament
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Eochaidh Ó hEodhasaÓ hEodhasa (Eochaidh)
(c.1560–1612)
O'Hussey (Eochaidh)
No short description available
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Giolla Brighde Ó hEodhusaÓ hEodhusa (Giolla Brighde)
(c.1570(?)–d. 1614)
O'Hussey (Bonaventura), Bonaventura
Irish scholar and poet, who after being trained in Ireland, pursued his theological studies abroad, first at Douai and later at St Anthony's College, Louvain (est. 1607), where he was accepted as friar and later as lecturer by the religious name of Bonaventura; author of an Irish catechism, An teagasg críosdaidhe (1611/1614), the first Catholic work to be printed in Irish; a treatise on Irish grammar and prosody entitled Rudimenta grammaticae Hibernicae; and a number of vernacular poems.
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Seán Ó NeachtainÓ Neachtain (Seán)
(c.1640–1729)
Naughton (John)
Irish poet, prose writer, and teacher; was born in Co. Roscommon and settled in Dublin.
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Tadhg Ó NeachtainÓ Neachtain (Tadhg)
(c.1670–c. 1752)
Irish scribe and scholar, son of Seán Ó Neachtain.
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Toirdhealbhach Luineach Ó NéillÓ Néill (Toirdhealbhach Luineach)
(c.1530–1595)
O'Neill (Turlough Luineach), Ó Néill (Toirdhealbhach Luinneach)
Irish lord, son of Niall Connallach Ó Néill. His mother was Rose, sister to Maghnus Ó Domhnaill.
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Pilib mac Aodha mic Sheáin mic Aodha Conallaigh Ó RaghallaighÓ Raghallaigh (Pilib mac Aodha mic Sheáin mic Aodha Conallaigh)
(b. 1599–d. in or after 1664)
Irish member of parliament, rebel and military leader based in County Cavan.
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Aogán Ó RathailleÓ Rathaille (Aogán)
(c.1670–1729)
Ó Rathaille (Aodhagán), O'Rahilly (Egan)
Aogán/Aodhagán Ó Rathaille (Egan O'Rahilly), Irish poet.
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Eoghan Rua Ó SúilleabháinÓ Súilleabháin (Eoghan Rua)
(1748–1784)
No short description available
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John O'Brien [of Cloyne]O'Brien (John) ... of Cloyne
(1701–1769)
Ó Briain (Seán) ... of Cloyne
bishop of Cork and Cloyne; compiler of an Irish-English dictionary (publ. 1768)
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Owain ap HywelOwain ap Hywel
(b. before 929–d. 988)
King of Deheubarth, son of Hywel Dda.
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George Owen [of Henllys]Owen (George) ... of Henllys
(c.1552–c.1613)
Harry (George Owen)
Welsh clergyman in the Church of England, antiquarian, genealogist and cartographer.
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Goronwy OwenOwen (Goronwy)
(1723–1769)
Gronwy Ddu
Welsh poet and cleric.
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Matthew ParkerParker (Matthew)
(1504–1575)
archbishop of Canterbury, antiquarian and patron.
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PelagiusPelagius
(fl. c.390–418)
theologian and author, who was identified by contemporaries as being of British origin.
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PetrocPetroc
(fl. 6th century)
Cornish saint whose cult spread across both Cornwall and Brittany. In Cornwall, he is primarily associated with the foundation at Padstow (Lanwethenek), which relocated to Bodmin; in Brittany, with the community of Saint-Méen.
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Thomas PhillippsPhillipps (Thomas)
(1792–1872)
Sir Thomas Phillipps, English antiquary and collector of manuscripts
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Henry PiersPiers (Henry)
(d. 1623)
Perse (Henry)
Anglo-Irish landowner who lived at Tristernagh (Co. Westmeath), the estate of a former monastery that went into disuse during the Dissolution.
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Richard PolwhelePolwhele (Richard)
(1760–1838)
Cornish clergyman based at Truro, who was also a historian and author of a seven-volume history of Cornwall.
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Francis PorterPorter (Francis)
(1631/2–1702)
Walter Porter, whose religious name is Francis Porter, was an Irish Franciscan friar associated with St Isidore’s College in Rome;a native of Meath; author of several works of ecclesiastical history.
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William PrycePryce (William)
(d. 1790)
A medical practitioner based in Redruth, Cornwall, who was also an author on mining and mineralogy, an antiquary and an advocate of the Cornish language.
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Anthony RaymondRaymond (Anthony)
(1675–1726)
Irish Protestant minister, scholar and patron of native Irish scholars
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Rhygyfarch ap SulienRhygyfarch ap Sulien
(1056/7–1099)
No short description available
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Robert of ChichesterRobert of Chichester
(d. 1160?)
Chichester (Robert of)
Bishop of Exeter (elected and consecrated in 1155) in succession to Robert (de) Warelwast; previously a canon of London in Islington and dean of Salisbury.
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J. Armitage RobinsonRobinson (J. Armitage)
(1858–1933)
priest in the Church of England, dean of Winchester and subsequently of Wells, who was also a scholar and historian.
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Richard Robinson [first Baron Rokeby]Robinson (Richard) ... first Baron Rokeby
(bap. 1708, d. 1794)
Anglo-Irish churchman, baron Rokeby, Church of Ireland archbishop of Armagh, founder of the Robinson Library in Armagh.
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William SalesburySalesbury (William)
(c. 1520–c. 1584)
Salusbury (William)
No short description available
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William ScawenScawen (William)
(1600–1689)
Cornish politician and antiquary. He is author of Antiquities Cornu-Brittanic, an unpublished work on the history and language of Cornwall (even if he did not speak Cornish).
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Robert SibbaldSibbald (Robert)
(1641–1722)
Scottish physician, geographer and antiquary.
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John Smith [1747-1807]Smith (John) ... 1747-1807
(1747–1807)
Smith (John) ... of Campbeltown, Mac a’ Ghobhainn (Eòin) ... 1747-1807
Church of Scotland minister of Campbeltown (Argyll) and Gaelic scholar, author and translator, who was involved in translating the Bible into Scottish Gaelic and argued in favour of the authenticity of the Ossian poems.
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Henry SpelmanSpelman (Henry)
(1563/4–1641)
English antiquary and author. He was appointed commissioner to investigate and settle disputes over estates in Ireland and visited Ireland on three occasions, the first one in 1617. It may have been during one of these visits that Spelman acquired the Irish manuscript now known as BL MS Harley 5280. Spelman was member of the College of Antiquaries and his contacts included James Ussher.
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John Stuart [1743-1821]Stuart (John) ... 1743-1821
(d. 1821)
Church of Scotland minister, Gaelic scholar and botanist, son of James Stuart (Church of Scotland minister of Killin) and Elizabeth Drummond.
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Symeon of DurhamSymeon of Durham
(fl. c. 1090–c. 1128)
Simeon of Durham
No short description available
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Flaithbertach Ua BrolcháinUa Brolcháin (Flaithbertach)
(d. 1175)
head of the Columban paruchia, abbot of Derry.
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James UssherUssher (James)
(1581–1656)
Anglican archbishop of Armagh known for his scholarship on a variety of subjects, including history and theology
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Robert WarelwastWarelwast (Robert)
(d. 1155)
Warelwast (Robert de)
Bishop of Exeter (elected in 1137, consecrated in 1138), a nephew of his predecessor William (de) Warelwast and previously archdeacon of Exeter; educated at Laon.
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William WarelwastWarelwast (William)
(d. 1137)
Warelwast (William de)
Norman bishop of Exeter and clerk and diplomat in the service of King William II and later Henry I. His name Warelwast derives from Ver-à-Val, Normandy, but little is known of his early, continental career.
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William of MalmesburyWilliam of Malmesbury
(d. in or after 1142)
Anglo-Norman monk of the Benedictine foundation at Malmesbury, known as a historian, scholar and hagiographer.
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Eliezer WilliamsWilliams (Eliezer)
(1754–1820)
Welsh clergyman in the Church of England and a genealogist.
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John Williams [physician and benefactor]Williams (John) ... physician and benefactor
(1840–1926)
Sir John Williams, 1st baronet, physician and a benefactor who took a keen interest in Welsh literature and culture, collected manuscripts and books and is recognised as the principal founder of the National Library of Wales.
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Moses WilliamsWilliams (Moses)
(1685–1742)
Welsh scholar, antiquarian and clergyman.
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Ellis WynneWynne (Ellis)
(1671–1734)
Wynn (Elis)
Welsh clergyman and author of Gweledigaetheu y bardd cwsc ‘Visions of the sleeping bard’ (London, 1703).
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