St. Paul im Lavanttal, Stiftsbibliothek, MS 86a/1 Reichenau Primer

  • Latin, Old Irish, Old High German
  • s. ixin
  • Continental manuscripts containing Irish, Continental manuscripts containing Irish
  • vellum

Latin hymns, Latin grammatical texts, with Old Irish poems, such as Pangur Bán (f. 1).

Reichenau Primer

Also listed as Unterdrauberg, Carinthia, Kloster St. Paul, 25.2.31 olim 25.d.86.

manuscript miscellanies grammatical writing and learning prayers and hymns
Provenance and related aspects
Latin Secondary: Old Irish, Old High German
s. ixin
early 9th century
Origin, provenance
Origin: Reichenau

Benedictine monastery founded on Reichenau Island in Lake Constance (southern Germany).

See more
possibly Reichenau Abbey.
Hands, scribes
Old High German glosses
Codicological information
Table of contents

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The above method of differentiating between links has not been applied yet to texts or citations from texts which are included in the context of other texts, commonly verses.


While it is not a reality yet, CODECS seeks consistency in formatting references to locations of texts and other items of interest in manuscripts. Our preferences may be best explained with some examples:

  • f. 23ra.34: meaning folio 23 recto, first column, line 34
  • f. 96vb.m: meaning folio 96, verso, second column, middle of the page (s = top, m = middle, i = bottom)
    • Note that marg. = marginalia, while m = middle.
  • p. 67b.23: meaning page 67, second column, line 23
The list below has been collated from the table of contents, if available on this page,Progress in this area is being made piecemeal. Full and partial tables of contents are available for a small number of manuscripts. and incoming annotations for individual texts (again, if available).Whenever catalogue entries about texts are annotated with information about particular manuscript witnesses, these manuscripts can be queried for the texts that are linked to them.


Primary sources This section typically includes references to diplomatic editions, facsimiles and photographic reproductions, notably digital image archives, of at least a major portion of the manuscript. For editions of individual texts, see their separate entries.

[dig. img.] Tristram, Konrad J. [photography], Reichenauer Schulheft - Reichenau Primer: Benediktinerstift St. Paul im Lavanttal (Kärnten) - St. Paul in Carinthia, Online: Hildegard L. C. Tristram, ?–present. URL: <>. 
Images of the Reichenau Primer, photographed in 1998.

Secondary sources (select)

Tristram, Hildegard L. C., “Die irischen Gedichte im Reichenauer Schulheft”, in: Peter Anreiter, and Erzsébet Jerem (eds), Studia Celtica et Indogermanica: Festschrift für Wolfgang Meid zum 70. Geburtstag, 10, Budapest: Archaeolingua, 1999. 503–529.
Jullien, Marie-Hélène, “Les sources de la tradition ancienne des quatorze Hymnes attribuées à saint Ambroise de Milan”, Revue d'Histoire des Textes 19 (1989, 1990): 57–189.  
The article presents a chronological account of the indirect witnesses and the direct manuscript sources (8th to 10th centuries) which form the basis of the new critical edition of the fourteen Hymns attributed to Saint Ambrose of Milan (an edition to be published in 1990 by Editions du Cerf). The inquiry is extended here to the eleventh century (a total of 76 manuscripts have been consulted, of which 54 are hymnals). As several types of hymnal were in use in the West from the inception of this liturgical book until the eleventh century, the manuscripts have been grouped typologically according to the contents of their collections of hymns, and the principal characteristics of each group have been described.

The Hymns attributed to Ambrose were never grouped together as a single corpus until the 19th century. The present examination of their sources throws light both on the individual tradition of each hymn as well as the specific traits of the manuscripts in which they are dispersed. The diffusion of the Hymns of S. Ambrose was confined almost exclusively to Benedictine monasteries, where they were used during the celebration of the office or for teaching purposes. Their transmission and use are largely dependant upon that of the hymnal ; nonetheless, they also preserve the singularities of diverse rites and numerous local peculiarities.

An annex provides a list of the contents of 18 manuscripts hymnals for which no description previously existed.
Oskamp, Hans P. A., “The Irish material in the St. Paul Irish codex”, Éigse 17:3 (1978): 385–391.
Windisch, Ernst [ed.], Irische Texte mit Wörterbuch, 4 vols, vol. 1, Leipzig, 1880.
Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive – Originally from Google Books: <link> – Vol. 1, part 1: View in Mirador – Vol. 1, part 2: Wörterbuch: View in Mirador
Dennis Groenewegen
Page created
November 2010, last updated: August 2023