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McInerney, Luke, Learned families, scholarly networks and sites of native learning in late medieval Thomond, Dublin: Four Courts Press, forthcoming.
This study explores the learned Gaelic families (poets, historians and physicians) and the context in which they lived. A wide-ranging survey, it looks at the landholdings and structures of individual learned families that were settled in Thomond during the late medieval period. Topics explored include the ‘production of knowledge’ as a way of legitimizing the social hierarchies and landholdings of their powerful patrons. Different types of cultural power are explored, especially how they were used by the Gaelic elite, who employed the learned class to not only preserve genealogies, dispense law and provide advice, but also to promote their interests in a variety of ways. Other topics include the remarkably cohesive esprit de corps shared by the learned families, and the type of networks these families engaged in to sustain learning. The book directs attention to the range of onomastic, archaeological and literary materials that can help build up a picture about the Gaelic men of learning.
Davis, R., and T. Dunne, The empty throne: childhood and the crisis of modernity, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming.
Manus Online: manoscritti de biblioteche italiane, Online: ICCU, ?–present. URL: <>

Manus Online (MOL) è un database che comprende la descrizione e la digitalizzazione  (integrale e/o parziale) dei manoscritti conservati nelle biblioteche italiane pubbliche, ecclesiastiche e private. Il censimento, avviato nel 1988 a cura dell'Istituto centrale per il catalogo unico e le informazioni bibliografiche (ICCU), si pone come obiettivo l'individuazione e la catalogazione dei manoscritti (latini, greci, arabi, ecc.) prodotti dal Medioevo all'età contemporanea, compresi i carteggi.

Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana: digital repository, Online: Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, ?–present. URL: <>
Bleier, Roman [proj. dir.], St Patrick's epistles: transcriptions of the seven medieval manuscript witnesses, Online: Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz, ?–present. URL: <>
Website of the Stichting A. G. van Hamel voor Keltische Studies (A. G. van Hamel Foundation for Celtic Studies), Online: Stichting A. G. van Hamel voor Keltische Studies, ?–present. URL: <>
Ó Macháin, Pádraig [dir.], Late medieval legal deeds in Irish, Online: Google Sites, ?–present. URL: <>
The Late Medieval Legal Deeds in Irish project of the Department of Modern Irish, University College Cork, draws its inspiration from and seeks to build on the work of two great scholars: the late Gearóid Mac Niocaill (1932-2004), and Kenneth W. Nicholls (School of History, UCC), who is an active participant in the LMLDI research seminar. Both seminar and project are directed by Prof. Pádraig Ó Macháin.
Catalogue of illuminated manuscripts [in the British Library], Online: British Library, ?–present. URL: <>
[Website of Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale de Belgique (Royal Library of Belgium)], Online: Bibliothèque Royale de Belgique, ?–present. URL: <>
Digital Bodleian, Online: Oxford, Bodleian Library, ?–present. URL: <>
BStK Online: Datenbank der althochdeutschen und altsächsischen Glossenhandschriften, Online: Bamberg University, ?–present. URL: <>
“Irish Jesuit Archives”, Anne-Marie OʼBrien, and Pádraig Ó Macháin, Irish Script on Screen (ISOS) – Meamrám Páipéar Ríomhaire, Online: School of Celtic Studies, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, ?–present. URL: <>
Taylor, Alice [princip. invest.], and Matthew Hammond [co-invest.], The people of medieval Scotland 1093–1371, Online: King's College, London, University of Glasgow, University of Edinburgh, ?–present. URL: <>
The database contains all information that can be assembled about every individual involved in actions in Scotland or relating to Scotland in documents written between the death of Malcolm III on 13 November 1093 and Robert I's parliament at Cambuskenneth on 6 November 1314. The bounds of the kingdom of the Scots changed during this period; for the sake of consistency, the database covers all the territory that had become part of Scotland by the death of Alexander III. (This means that the Isle of Man and Berwick are included, but Orkney and Shetland are not.) Also, the database is not simply a list of everyone who is ever mentioned. It is designed to reflect the interactions and relationships between people as this is represented in the documents.
Heidelberger historische Bestände – digital, Online: Universität Heidelberg, ?–present. URL: <>
Cronfa baledi: mynegai cyfrifiadurol i faledi argraffedig y 18fed ganrif, Online, ?–present. URL: <>
Index to Welsh ballads printed in the 18th century.
Médiathèques de Quimper Bretagne Occidentale, Online, ?–present. URL: <>
Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel: manuscript database, Online, ?–present. URL: <>
FulDig: Fuldaer Digitale Sammlungen, Online: Hochschul- und Landesbibliothek Fulda, ?–present. URL: <>
Clancy, Thomas Owen [princip. invest.], and Sofia Evemalm-Graham [research ass.], Eòlas nan naomh: early Christianity in Uist, Onine, ?–present. URL: <>
This project seeks to take the first steps towards a better understanding of early Christianity in Uist, focusing primarily on place-names and archaeological evidence. On the basis of an initial survey of the material, 45 sites have been identified as of potential interest. The initial analysis of these sites is presented here, but the aim of the project is to stimulate further discussions on the sites in question and Uist’s role in the early Christianity of the Western Isles.
Diözesan- und Dombibliothek Köln, mit Bibliothek St. Albertus Magnus: Digitale Samlungen, Online: Universität zu Köln, ?–present. URL: <>
Burgerbibliothek Bern: Online-Archivkatalog, Online: Burgerbibliothek Bern, ?–present. URL: <>
Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma: Biblioteca Digitale, Online: Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma, ?–present. URL: <>
CEEC (Codices electronici ecclesiae Coloniensis): Erzbischöfliche Diözesan- und Dombibliothek, Online: Universität zu Köln, ?–present. URL: <>
The Schøyen Collection: manuscripts from around the world, Online, ?–present. URL: <>
National Library of Wales, National Library of Wales: Digital gallery, Online: NLW, ?–present. URL: <>
Previously Digital Mirror / Drych Digidol, the digital library of the National Library of Wales gives access to digitised manuscripts, printed works, archival materials and other media.
Balliol College Archives and Manuscripts, Online: Flickr, ?–present. URL: <>
Faclair na Gáidhlig: dictionary of the Scottish Gaelic language, Online: University of Aberdeen, University of Edinburgh, University of Glasgow, University of Strathclyde, Sabhal Mór Ostaig UHI, ?–present. URL: <>
The Dictionary of the Scottish Gaelic Language is an inter-university initiative by the Universities of Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Strathclyde and Sabhal Mòr Ostaig UHI.

The aim is to produce an historical dictionary of Scottish Gaelic comparable to the multi-volume resources already available for Scots and English, namely the Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue, the Scottish National Dictionary and the Oxford English Dictionary. These resources are now available on-line. The Dictionary of the Scottish Gaelic Language will be published initially in electronic format.

The dictionary will document fully the history of the Gaelic language and culture from the earliest manuscript material onwards, placing Gaelic in context with Irish and Scots. By allowing identification of the Gaelic/Scots interface throughout Scottish history, it will increase our understanding of our linguistic national heritage and will reveal the fundamental role of Gaelic in the linguistic identity of Scotland. Of equal importance, it will show the relationship between Scottish Gaelic and Irish.

The dictionary will respond to the needs of the Gaelic language in the 21st century by providing an authoritative foundation for smaller bilingual and monolingual dictionaries and language learning materials. Thus, the dictionary will be geared to meet the needs of students, teachers and parents in the growing sector of Gaelic-medium education.

The Dictionary will be the major language project for Scottish Gaelic, providing a foundation and a stimulus for future language initiatives.
Urbana-Champaign, Unversity of Illinois Library: Archives, Online, ?–present. URL: <>
Iron Age coins in Britain, Online: Oxford University, ?–present. URL: <>
Ancient British Coins (ABC) is the most comprehensive reference book for the typology of the Iron Age coins of Britain. ABC catalogues 999 types of coins found in Britain from around the early to mid-2nd century BC through the 1st century AD. The earliest issues were imported to Britain from the Continent, but they were shortly thereafter minted locally, remaining in circulation even after Roman occupation. Iron Age Coins in Britain (IACB) is now available as a digital research tool that provides access to an edited ABC online. IACB is made possible by stable numismatic identifiers and linked open data methodologies established by the project. <iI>ACB is built on the numbering system created by the Ancient British Coins (ABC) series published in 2010 (available to purchase here). On this website, some aspects of this typology have been changed (e.g. descriptions, spellings), therefore this website is not the responsibility of the publishers of ABC.
Cantus: a database for Latin ecclesiastical chant, Online: University of Waterloo, ?–present. URL: <>

Cantus is a database of the Latin chants found in manuscripts and early printed books, primarily from medieval Europe. This searchable digital archive holds inventories of antiphoners and breviaries -- the main sources for the music sung in the Latin liturgical Office -- as well as graduals and other sources for music of the Mass.

Archives Hub, Online: JISC, ?–present. URL: <>

The Archives Hub brings together descriptions of thousands of the UK’s archive collections. Representing over 350 institutions across the country, the Archives Hub is an effective way to discover unique and often little-known sources to support your research. New descriptions are added every week, often representing collections being made available for the first time.

Archaeology Data Service (ADS) Library, Online: Archaeology Data Service, ?–present. URL: <>

The ADS Library brings together bibliographic records and e-prints for published and unpublished archaeological documents. It includes data from the following sources: OASIS ... Digitised Journals and Monographs ... Internet Archaeology ... Publisher Feeds ... Grey Literature Scanning Projects ... Grey Literature from ADS Archives ... Irish and Irish Archaeological Bibliography (BIAB).

Bibliothèque d'Agglomération du Pays de Saint-Omer (BAPSO): Bibliothèque numérique, Online: BAPSO, ?–present. URL: <>
The corpus of Romanesque sculpture in Britain and Ireland, Online, ?–present. URL: <>

The Corpus of Romanesque Sculpture will be a complete online record of all the surviving Romanesque sculpture in Britain and Ireland, at more than 5000 sites. It provides us with a unique window on the aesthetics, beliefs, daily life, preoccupations, humour and technical skills of the artists and people of this creative and formative era from the late 11th century to the late 12th century.

Every entry is freely available and includes information on the historical and architectural context of the building, a first-class photographic record, and a scholarly description of the sculpture. Our work continues and many sites are already available on this website.

Tobar an dualchais = Kist o riches, Online: University of Edinburgh, ?–present. URL: <>

Tobar an Dualchais/Kist o Riches is a collaborative project which has been set up to preserve, digitise, catalogue and make available online several thousand hours of Gaelic and Scots recordings. This website contains a wealth of material such as folklore, songs, music, history, poetry, traditions, stories and other information. The material has been collected from all over Scotland and beyond from the 1930s onwards.

The recordings come from the School of Scottish Studies (University of Edinburgh), BBC Scotland and the National Trust for Scotland's Canna Collection.

Please note that not all material from the School of Scottish Studies Archives is available on the website.

Examples from these collections include

  • Stories recorded by John Lorne Campbell on wax cylinders in 1937
  • Folklore collected all over Scotland by Calum Maclean in the 19
  • 50s Scots songs recorded by Hamish Henderson from travelling people in the 1960s
  •  Conversations recorded on Radio nan Gàidheal
Please note that the sound quality is variable on of some of the recordings due to the sound recording equipment available at the time. The project will ensure that Scotland's rich oral heritage is safeguarded and made widely available for educational and personal use for future generations.

PRELIB: Projet de recherche en littérature de langue bretonne, Online: CRBC, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, ?–present. URL: <>
Carolingian culture at Reichenau and St. Gall. Codex Sangallensis 1092: content and context, Online: University of Virginia, University of California at Los Angeles, University of Vienna, ?–present. URL: <>
This site will provide access to the results of our long-term project of creating an extensive data base to aid research into the [St Gall] Plan and Carolingian monastic culture. Besides a variety of digital representations of the Plan itself, the site includes a graphic representation of how the Plan was physically made, detailed information on each of the elements of the Plan, and transcriptions and translations of its inscriptions. In addition, the site contains resources for understanding the material culture context of the Plan. A series of extensive data bases include one presenting physical objects found across Europe that add to our understanding of Carolingian monasticism, one devoted to the terminology of Carolingian material culture, descriptions of all known Carolingian religious edifices, and an extensive bibliography on both the Plan itself and Carolingian monastic culture generally. All these databases are searchable individually and collectively.
Taylor, Alice [princip. invest.], The community of the realm in Scotland, 1249–1424, Online, ?–present. URL: <>
The 'community of the realm in Scotland' project (COTR) is an innovative collaborative research project which will show how new ways of representing medieval texts in digital media can yield new understandings of medieval political communities and their written manifestations. This website provides resources on medieval Scotland during the Wars of Independence with England for public consumption and highlights our new approach to representing key documents and texts from Scotland’s medieval past.
Oxford, Bodleian Library website, Online: Oxford, Bodleian Library, ?–present. URL: <>
SBB: Staatsbibliothek Bamberg, Online: SBB, ?–present. URL: <>
Walters Art Museum: Manuscripts / The Digital Walters, Online: Walters Art Museum, ?–present. URL: <>, <>
Beyond 2022, Online, ?–present. URL: <>

Beyond 2022 is an all-island and international collaborative research project working to create a virtual reconstruction of the Public Record Office of Ireland, which was destroyed in the opening engagement of the Civil War on June 30th, 1922.

The ‘Record Treasury’ at the Public Record Office of Ireland stored seven centuries of Irish records dating back to the time of the Normans. Together with our 5 Core Archival Partners and over 40 other Participating Institutions in Ireland, Britain and the USA, we are working to recover what was lost in that terrible fire one hundred years ago.

On the centenary of the Four Courts blaze next year (30 June 2022), we will launch the Virtual Record Treasury of Ireland online. Many millions of words from destroyed documents will be linked and reassembled from copies, transcripts and other records scattered among the collections of our archival partners. We will bring together this rich array of replacement items within an immersive 3-D reconstruction of the destroyed building.

The Virtual Record Treasury of Ireland will be an open-access resource, freely available online to all those interested in Irish history at home and abroad. Many of the most important memory institutions worldwide are joining us in this shared mission to reconstruct Ireland’s lost history. The Virtual Record Treasury will serve as a living and growing legacy from the Decade of Centenaries.

OS200: digitally re-mapping Ireland’s Ordnance Survey heritage, Online, ?–present. URL: <>
The project aims to gather historic Ordnance Survey (OS) maps and texts, currently held in disparate archives, to form a single freely accessible online resource for academic and public use. This digital platform will reconnect the First Edition Six-Inch Maps with the OS Memoirs, Letters and Name Books. In doing so it will enable a team of researchers from across Ireland to uncover otherwise hidden and forgotten aspects of the life and work of those employed by the OS and to explore the complex histories associated with the survey and its legacies and impacts still witnessed in the landscape today.
Breton songs on popular prints: broadsheets database, Online, ?–present. URL: <>
Alongside the Breton repertoire of oral tradition and often in reciprocal interaction with it, a vast repertoire in Breton and French was composed and distributed, initially through inexpensive, sometimes even free, printedmatter. Composed for singing, thereby helping better memorisation, many of these pieces, in their turn, have entered the oral tradition.

This repertoire reflects a many-faceted image of society and its preoccupations. It gives voice to the illiterate as well as to educated people, to the underclass as well as to the elite. It’s topics are abundant: from news in brief to great events, from praise to satire, from daily life to prognostications of all varieties ...

Produced by volunteers, the principle aim of this free, unsubsidised site is to help the research of those who access it.
RI OPAC: Literature database for the Middle Ages, Online: Regesta Imperii, Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, Mainz, ?–present. URL: <>

The RI OPAC is a freely accessible literature database for medieval research in the entire European language area, covering all disciplines. The database serves both the regestae database as source for the cited literature, as well as universal research tool for searching for publications. It is characterized in particular by the indexing of dependent articles from a variety of journals and anthologies of even the most remote provenance. Specialist literature from the 16th century onwards is taken into account, which deals with the period from Late Antiquity to the Reformation.

“British Library”, Anne-Marie OʼBrien, and Pádraig Ó Macháin, Irish Script on Screen (ISOS) – Meamrám Páipéar Ríomhaire, Online: School of Celtic Studies, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, ?–present. URL: <>
Cecilia: Bibliothèque numérique du patrimoine écrit albigeois, Online: Médiathèques du Grand Albigeois, ?–present. URL: <>
Digital medieval manuscripts at Houghton Library, Online: Harvard University, Houghton Library, ?–present. URL: <>
Tristram, Konrad J. [photography], Reichenauer Schulheft - Reichenau Primer: Benediktinerstift St. Paul im Lavanttal (Kärnten) - St. Paul in Carinthia, Online: Hildegard L. C. Tristram, ?–present. URL: <>
Images of the Reichenau Primer, photographed in 1998.
Diem, Albrecht, Monastic manuscript project, Online, ?–present. URL: <>
The Monastic Manuscript Project is a database of descriptions of manuscripts that contain texts relevant for the study of early medieval monasticism, especially monastic rules, ascetic treatises, vitae patrum-texts and texts related to monastic reforms. We provide lists of manuscripts for each of these texts, which are linked to manuscript descriptions. The purpose is to offer a tool for reconstructing not only the manuscript dissemination of early medieval monastic texts but also to give access to the specific contexts in which a text appears.The database supports current edition projects and draws attention to understudied texts and the transmission of fragments, excerpts and florilegia. It is designed to facilitate the work of students and scholars who are interested in the history and reception of texts and who want to work with manuscripts rather than rely on modern editions.
University of Glasgow Library: Special Collections, Online: University of Glasgow, ?–present. URL: <>
National Library of Scotland: Collections, Online: NLS, ?–present. URL: <>
De Finibus website, Online: UCC, ?–present. URL: <>
Project website, which includes a catalogue of key texts and bibliography.
Fragmentarium: laboratory for medieval manuscript fragments, Online: University of Fribourg, ?–present. URL: <>

Fragmentarium’s primary objective is to develop a digital laboratory specialized for medieval manuscript fragment research. Although based on the many years of experience of e-codices — Virtual Manuscript Library of Switzerland, the Fragmentarium Digital Laboratory has an international orientation. First and foremost it is conceived as a platform for libraries, scholars and students to do scholarly work on fragments. It conforms to the latest standards set by digital libraries and will set new standards, especially in the area of interoperability.

Stewart, Bruce, Ricorso: a knowledge of Irish literature, Online, ?–present. URL: <>
This website consists of a body of biographical records, bibliographical listings, and textual extracts from primary works and commentaries on them. Its contents have been compiled through a variet[y] of methods including systematic surveys of existing reference works and a constant process of record in relation to a range of book notices, reviewing organs, and academic journals as well as routine reading, with - whenever possible - key exemplary passages from key texts and commentaries on them. In addition, the opportunities of teaching and examining have allowed me to accrue a good deal of more focussed information in relation to some authors, while very many texts on a given author have rendered information or opinions about another, and these have always been recorded as far as possible (being, as James Joyce might say, the most “evanescent of moments” and, for that reason, often the most valuable. Together with the compulsive urge to lose nothing and include everything that has been met with in the course of a reading life - an urge which seems even less sane at the end than it did at the beginning - the hope has always been to arrive at a synopsis of the findings of Irish literary scholarship since that field of enquiry grew into a distinct area of interest and attention within the wider discipline of English literary criticism with the emergence of the distinct field of Anglo-Irish studies. Hence the name RICORSO. For, while this is a twenty-year-long compilation which might best be considered as an electronic scrapbook - as worthwhile and no more so than that suggests - it is also a homage to the achievement of Irish writers and literary critics along with their international counterparts in turning Irish studies into the highly-developed and fully-theorised area of cultural and intellectual research that it is today. An even deeper bow is made in these webpages to the membership of the International Association for the Study of Irish Literatures which came into existence in 1970 and especially to its founding genius, A. N. (“Derry”) Jeffares (See IASIL - online).
Bremen, Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek: website, Online, ?–present. URL: <>
Fife place-name data, Online: Glasgow University, ?–present. URL: <>
Currently (6/2020) still in development.
Durham University: Collections (DRO-DATA), Online: Durham University, ?–present. URL: <>
Digital Scriptorium consortium, Digital scriptorium, Online: University of California Berkeley Library, ?–present. URL: <>

Digital Scriptorium is a growing consortium of American libraries and museums committed to free online access to their collections of pre-modern manuscripts. Our website unites scattered resources from many institutions into a national digital platform for teaching and scholarly research. It serves to connect an international user community to multiple repositories by means of a digital union catalog with sample images and searchable metadata. Many DS records also link out to the websites of our contributors, where users can discover further information about these collections.

HMML reading room: online resources for the study of manuscript cultures, Online, ?–present. URL: <>

HMML Reading Room ( offers resources for the study of manuscripts and currently features manuscript cultures from Europe, Africa, the Middle East, South Asia, and Southeast Asia. The site houses high-resolution images of manuscripts, many of them digitized as part of the global mission of the Hill Museum & Manuscript Library (HMML), Collegeville, MN, to preserve and share important, endangered, and inaccessible manuscript collections through digital photography, archiving, and cataloging. It also contains descriptions of manuscripts from HMML's legacy microfilm collection, with scans of some of these films.

Piazzoni, A. M., Latin paleography: from antiquity to the renaissance, Online: Vatican Library, ?–present. URL: <>
PALEOGRAPHY (a word that derives from the Greek and that means “ancient writing”) is the discipline that studies the history of handwriting. Latin paleography studies the scripts written in the Latin alphabet (not only in Latin) from its origins, which date back approximately to the seventh century BC, and continue until the spread of movable type printing, at the beginning of the sixteenth century. The ancient scripts in the Latin alphabet are among the most important sources at our disposal for studying the history of humanity. This pathway aims to help those who wish to learn to read and understand the ancient scripts written in the Latin alphabet.
Manchester digital collections, Online: Manchester University, ?–present. URL: <>
Canmore: national record of the historic environment, Online: Historic Environment Scotland, ?–present. URL: <>
Canmore contains more than 320,000 records and 1.3 million catalogue entries for archaeological sites, buildings, industry and maritime heritage across Scotland. Compiled and managed by Historic Environment Scotland, Canmore contains information and collections from all its survey and recording work, as well as from a wide range of other organisations, communities and individuals who are helping to enhance this national resource.
James Hardiman Library Archives (CalmView), Online: NUI Galway, ?–present. URL: <>
Endres, Bill [dir.], Manuscripts of Lichfield Cathedral, Online: University of Kentucky, College of Arts & Sciences, ?–present. URL: <>
Website offering digital reproductions of two manuscripts in Lichfield Cathedral Library: the St Chad Gospels and the Wycliffe New Testament. In 2014, images were captured of “dry-point glosses and the state of pigment in the St Chad Gospels ... including previously unknown dry-point glosses” (identified as glosses containing Old English personal names).
Manuscripta medievalia, Online: Deutsche Foschungsgemeinschaft, ?–present. URL: <>
Lambeth Palace Library, Online: Lambeth Palace Library, ?–present. URL: <>
Utrecht University website, Online: Utrecht University, ?–present. URL: <>
aratea-digital: a collection of digital editions and manuscript descriptions of medieval transmissions of Aratus‘ (ca. 315/310-240 BC) didactic poem the Phaenomena, Online: ACDH-OeAW, ?–present. URL: <>
Aratea Digital is a database collecting information about astronomy in the Early Middle Ages. The main focus of the project is the Latin transmission of the so-called Aratea texts including the Latin translations and the derivative texts based on Aratus' didactic poem Phaenomena. The website presents descriptions of their (pre-13th-century) manuscripts, references to the latest editions and relevant literature. This website is work-in-progress. We are constantly working on improving and enhancing the information provided.
“Coláiste na Rinne”, Anne-Marie OʼBrien, and Pádraig Ó Macháin, Irish Script on Screen (ISOS) – Meamrám Páipéar Ríomhaire, Online: School of Celtic Studies, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, ?–present. URL: <>
Irish translator database, Online: Galway, National University of Ireland, ?–present. URL: <>
The database is a collection of names of translators and works of translation from nineteenth-century Ireland. Translators who were born in Ireland or who lived for a large part of their lives in Ireland are included. Translators who were born at the end of the nineteenth century but who published translations in the twentieth century are not included. The database is an output of the Translation in 19th Century Ireland project, which widens our understanding of cultural exchange in the nineteenth century by studying translation and translators.
BLB (Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek): digitale Sammlungen, Online: Badische Landesbibliothek, ?–present. URL: <>
Oxford Digital Library: LUNA, Online, ?–present. URL: <>
Virtuelle Bibliothek Würzburg, Online: Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, ?–present. URL: <>
Médiathèques Orléans: patrimoine, Online, ?–present. URL: <>
Jongeling, Karel, Home page, Online, ?–2023. URL: <>
Jongeling, Karel, “Geirfa i ddysgwyr. Oefeningen Modern Welshe woordenschat”, Karel Jongeling, Home page, Online, ?–2023. URL: <>
Jongeling, Karel, “Inleiding in de grammatica van het geschreven Welsh”, Karel Jongeling, Home page, Online, ?–2023. URL: <>
Jongeling, Karel, “Oefeningen modern geschreven Welsh 1550-heden”, Karel Jongeling, Home page, Online, ?–2023. URL: <>
Nagy, Joseph Falaky [princip. inv.], and Karen Burgess [princip. inv.], Celtic Studies Association of North America (CSANA)/UCLA Celtic studies on-line bibliography, Online, ?–2020. URL: <>

The Celtic Studies On-line Bibliography Project is the only ongoing bibliography of Celtic studies that attempts to cover all aspects of Celtic studies (language, literature, history, culture) and work on and in all the Celtic languages (ancient and modern). It is a joint project of the Celtic Studies Association of North America (which used to publish earlier versions of the Bibliography) and UCLA’s Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies.

Jaski, Bart, “Reconstructing Cáin Fhuithirbe”, Utrecht University website, Online: Utrecht University, 2005–. – 2017 version, with minor revisions: <link>
The early Irish law tract Cáin Fhuithirbe (ca. 680) is preserved in five fragments which contain glossed excerpts of the original text. This article is a preliminary attempt to reconstruct, as far as possible, the sequence of the original text by comparing the five extant fragments. The reconstructed text is given without glosses, translation or analysis. In one manuscript version of the tract, TCD 1363 (olim H. 4. 22), a page is missing which has not been noted previously.
Jaski, Bart [ed. and tr.], “Cáin lánamna ‘The regulation of couples’. Text and translation of the early Irish law-tract on marriage and sexual relationships”, Utrecht University website, Online: Utrecht University, 2005–.
Jaski, Bart, “A supplement to the bibliography of Fergus Kelly, A guide to early Irish law”, Utrecht University website, Online: Utrecht University, 2005–.
Les tablettes rennaises: patrimoine numérisé de la Bibliothèque de Rennes Métropole, Online: Bibliothèque de Rennes Métropole, ?–. URL: <>
“MS0598 [Bibliothèque de Rennes Métropole, MS 598]”, Les tablettes rennaises: patrimoine numérisé de la Bibliothèque de Rennes Métropole, Online: Bibliothèque de Rennes Métropole, 2013–. URL: <>
Freeman, Philip, Two lives of Saint Brigid, Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2024.
St Brigid is the earliest and best-known of the female saints of Ireland. In the generation after St Patrick, she established a monastery for men and women at Kildare which became one of the most powerful and influential centres of the Church in early Ireland.The stories of Brigid’s life and deeds survive in several early sources, but the most important are two Latin Lives written a century or more after her death. The first was composed by a churchman named Cogitosus and tells of her many miracles of healing and helping the poor. The second source, known as the Vita Prima, continues the tradition with more tales of marvellous deeds and journeys throughout the island. Both Latin sources are a treasure house of information not just about the legends of Brigid but also about daily life, the role of women, and the spread of Christianity in Ireland.This book for the first time presents together an English translation of both the Life of Brigid by Cogitosus and the Vita Prima, along with the Latin text of both, carefully edited from the best medieval manuscripts. With an Introduction by Professor Freeman, this book makes these fascinating stories of St Brigid accessible to general readers, students and scholars.
Bauer, Bernhard, Gloss-ViBe: a digital edition of the Vienna Bede (beta version), Online: Universität Graz, 2023–present. URL: <>
Willis, David [princip. invest.], and Marieke Meelen [princip. invest.], PARSHCW: The Parsed Historical Corpus of the Welsh Language, Online, 2023–present. URL: <>
The Parsed Historical Corpus of the Welsh Language (PARSHCWL) is a project to create an annotated corpus of Middle and Early Modern Welsh texts. The texts in various formats (plain text files, Part-of-Speech tagged and parsed files) will be made available in the course of the project on this website. In addition, detailed annotation manuals and guidelines will be made available here to enable any researcher working with Welsh (historical) texts to add morphosyntactic information to their texts, adding to a growing corpus of searchable historical Welsh materials.
Fionn folklore database, Online: Government of Ireland, Harvard University, 2023–present. URL: <>
The Fionn Folklore Database was created to help researchers, singers, storytellers, school pupils, and others discover and navigate the vast corpus of orally collected folklore about these much-loved heroes. The approximately 3,500 stories and songs documented here in four languages—Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Manx, and English—represent the most modern aspect of a continuously renewing oral tradition that developed alongside, and in regular interaction with, medieval and early modern Fenian literature. Collected between the eighteenth and twenty-first centuries, and immensely popular across Ireland, Gaelic Scotland, the Isle of Man, and diasporic communities in North America and elsewhere, folklore about Fionn and the Fianna has historically occupied a place of prestige within Gaelic culture that can scarcely be overstated. Indeed, it is one of the most important reservoirs of intangible Gaelic cultural heritage in existence.The database not only unites disparate records in archival collections across Ireland, Scotland, England, the Isle of Man, Canada, and the United States, it also provides the first comprehensive classification system for Fenian folklore. For each Story/Song Type we give a general plot summary and a comprehensive list of all versions known to us, whether published or held in institutional archives, and we link to digitised manuscripts and recordings available in external collections. You can also explore information about the people (‘interviewees’) from whom the folklore was collected, their sources, and the collectors. Our map feature lets you see the distribution and density of collected material geographically.
Stam, Nike, “A. G. van Hamel and R. I. Best: best friends?”, in: Bart Jaski, Lars B. Nooij, Sanne Nooij-Jongeleen, and Nike Stam (eds), Man of two worlds: A. G. van Hamel, celticist and germanist, Utrecht: Stichting A. G. van Hamel voor Keltische Studies, 2023. 45–54.
Collection:  Internet Archive: <link>
Faure, Pierre, “A. G. van Hamels ontmoetingen met het Bretons”, in: Bart Jaski, Lars B. Nooij, Sanne Nooij-Jongeleen, and Nike Stam (eds), Man van twee werelden: A. G. van Hamel als keltoloog en germanist, Utrecht: Stichting A. G. van Hamel voor Keltische Studies, 2023. 74–76.
Collection:  Internet Archive: <link>
Jaski, Bart, “Bibliography of A. G. van Hamel (1886–1945)”, in: Bart Jaski, Lars B. Nooij, Sanne Nooij-Jongeleen, and Nike Stam (eds), Man of two worlds: A. G. van Hamel, celticist and germanist, Utrecht: Stichting A. G. van Hamel voor Keltische Studies, 2023. 92–102.
Collection:  Internet Archive: <link>
Kennedy, Máire, “Printing and publishing technologies, 1700–1820”, in: Margaret Kelleher, and James OʼSullivan (eds), Technology in Irish literature and culture, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2023. 29–48.
Mallory, J. P., “From the steppe to Ireland: the impact of aDNA research”, in: Kristian Kristiansen, Guus Kroonen, and Eske Willerslev (eds), The Indo-European puzzle revisited integrating archaeology, genetics, and linguistics, Cambridge, Online: Cambridge University Press, 2023. 129–145.

In 2015, the genetics laboratories of Harvard, Jena, and Copenhagen (Allentoft et al. 2015; Haak et al. 2015) published aDNA evidence for the extensive human migration that appeared to spread from the steppelands north of the Black and Caspian Seas, both eastward, as far as the Yenisei River and, ultimately, as far west as Britain (Olalde et al. 2018) and Ireland (Cassidy et al. 2016). The source of the expansion was credited to a population whose genomic signature emerged in the steppelands and was primarily comprised of an admixture of both a local Eastern Hunter Gatherer (EHG) origin and a more distant Caucasian Hunter Gatherer (CHG) origin, associated with populations from the area between the Caucasus and the Zagros region. This combination (EHG + CHG) typified the Yamnaya culture, an Eneolithic cultural horizon whose home territory extended from the Urals to the Danube and whose archaeological remains had been known to have spread westward, at least as far as Hungary (Ecsedy 1979). The genetic signature of the Yamnaya (or another culture with a similar genetic composition) was found among about 75% of the Corded Ware burials sampled in Germany, whose previous populations were exclusively represented by local Western Hunter Gatherer (WHG) and Anatolian Farmer (AF) genes. Samples of mtDNA recovered from both Yamnaya and Corded Ware burials also suggested an east-west cline of steppe ancestry, with its highest representation in eastern Corded Ware burials in Poland and the Czech Republic, while western Corded Ware females appeared to derive from local populations (Juras et al. 2018).

Blom, Alderik H., “Celtic studies, scholarly networks, and Modernekritik: Jan de Vries after the Second World War”, Amsterdamer Beiträge zur älteren Germanistik 83:2 (Sept., 2023): 250–284.
This study is concerned with the contribution of Jan de Vries (1890–1964), a controversial Dutch scholar of Germanic and Old Norse philology, folklore, and comparative religion, to the discipline of Celtic studies. First, therefore, his work is located within the context of De Vries’ biography and of his scholarly network of the post-war era, notably his correspondence with likeminded colleagues such as Dumézil, Höfler, Wikander, and Eliade. Subsequently, his theories of Celtic and Germanic ethnogenesis are examined, as well as his ideas about the connections between the Celtic and Germanic pre-Christian religions and traditions of heroic saga. Finally, the relatively limited impact of De Vries’s Celtic studies is elaborated on.
Stam, Nike, “‘I was convinced of it – that it had to happen like this’: in conversation with Professor Berteke Waaldijk and Dr. Leni van Strien on interdisciplinary solidarity in Celtic Studies, Gender Studies and Liberal Arts at Utrecht University (Utrecht, June 2023)”, Tijdschrift voor Genderstudies 26:3/4 (Dec., 2023): 354–360.
Kristiansen, Kristian, Guus Kroonen, and Eske Willerslev (eds), The Indo-European puzzle revisited integrating archaeology, genetics, and linguistics, Cambridge, Online: Cambridge University Press, 2023.
The Leabhar Breac conference. Royal Irish Academy, Online: Royal Irish Academy, Soundcloud, 2023. Audio recording. URL: <>
A two-day conference exploring the historical, ecclesiastical, literary and illustrative aspects of An Leabhar Breac which ran from Thursday 27 April - Friday 28 April 2023 in the Royal Irish Academy.Royal Irish Academy Library in association with the Maynooth University Department of Early Irish, and the School of Celtic Studies, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies.The Royal Irish Academy manuscript An Leabhar Breac/The Speckled Book was written in Irish by Murchadh Riabhach Ó Cuindlis (a scribe of the Book of Lecan), at Cluain Lethan in Múscraige Tíre, in north Co. Tipperary and at other locations, between the years 1408 and 1411. In the 16th century the manuscript was held by the Mac Egans of Duniry, the most prominent of the hereditary legal families of late medieval Ireland, whence it also received the title of Leabhar Mór Dúna Doighre/The Book of the MacEgans. It is the largest Irish vellum manuscript created by one scribe and contains religious and biblical material derived from Latin, Irish literature and history, including the lives of St Patrick and St Brigid, the Litany of Our Lady, Félire Óengusso Céli Dé, the humorous saga Aisling Meic Conglinne, and some reworkings of biblical history. This two-day conference will explore the historical, ecclesiastical, literary and illustrative aspects of An Leabhar Breac, this most impressive example of a predominantly religious manuscript compilation in the Irish vernacular.
Jaski, Bart, “‘Ik ben nog niet af’: A. G. van Hamel in zijn jonge jaren”, in: Bart Jaski, Lars B. Nooij, Sanne Nooij-Jongeleen, and Nike Stam (eds), Man van twee werelden: A. G. van Hamel als keltoloog en germanist, Utrecht: Stichting A. G. van Hamel voor Keltische Studies, 2023. 13–24.
Collection:  Internet Archive: <link>
Owen, Ann Parry, Geirfâu’r Fflyd, 1632-1633: casgliad John Jones, Gellilyfdy o eiriau’r cartref, crefftau, amaeth a byd natur, Aberystwyth: University of Wales Press, 2023.
Published as printed book and e-book.

Mae John Jones, Gellilyfdy, sir y Fflint (c.1580–1658) yn enwog fel ysgrifydd medrus a dibynadwy a gopïodd nifer helaeth o destunau canoloesol, mewn llaw galigraffig hardd. Mae ei gopïau o farddoniaeth a rhyddiaith ganoloesol yn arbennig o werthfawr i’r ysgolhaig Cymraeg, gan nad yw ei ffynonellau’n aml wedi goroesi. Ond nid copïwr yn unig oedd John Jones. Pan oedd yng ngharchar y Fflyd yn Llundain yn ystod y 1630au cynnar, cynhyrchodd restrau o dros 7,000 o eiriau wedi eu trefnu’n thematig dan 130 o benawdau, gan eu cofnodi’n daclus mewn tair llawysgrif. Mae’r geirfâu hyn, a gyhoeddir yma am y tro cyntaf, yn cynnwys geiriau am sawl agwedd ar fywyd bob dydd: y tŷ a’i gynnwys; crefftwyr traddodiadol a’u hoffer; dyn, ei gorff a’i afiechydon, a’r gemau a’r chwaraeon a’i difyrrai; a byd natur, gan gynnwys rhestrau maith o enwau coed, llysiau, pysgod ac adar. Rhydd y geirfâu gipolwg gwerthfawr i ni ar fywyd ac iaith gŵr bonheddig o sir y Fflint ar ddechrau’r ail ganrif ar bymtheg, yn ogystal ag ychwanegu’n fawr at eirfa Gymraeg hysbys y cyfnod.

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