Places and peoples

earldom of Desmond

earls of Desmond

  • Maurice FitzGerald [1st earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (Maurice) ... 1st earl of Desmond
    (1293–1356)
    first earl of Desmond and justificiar of Ireland, son of Thomas fitz Maurice FitzGerald, who was lord of Decies and Desmond and justiciar of Ireland, and of Margaret daughter of Thomas of Berkeley.
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  • 27 August 1329–1356
  • Created earl of Desmond by Roger Mortimer.
  • Maurice FitzGerald [2nd earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (Maurice) ... 2nd earl of Desmond
    (fl. 1356–d. 1357)
    Maurice fitz Maurice FitzGerald, succeeded his father Maurice fitz Thomas FitzGerald, first earl of Desmond, in 1356 but died in 1357.
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  • 1356–1358
  • Gerald FitzGerald [3rd earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (Gerald) ... 3rd earl of Desmond
    (1338–1398)
    Gerald fitz Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd earl of Desmond, justiciar of Ireland and poet, known as Gearóid Iarla; son of Maurice fitz Thomas FitzGerald.
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  • July 1358–1398
  • Known as Gearóid Iarla. The office did not pass to his older brother Nicholas, who was thought to be incompetent or even idiotic.
  • John FitzGerald [4th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (John) ... 4th earl of Desmond
    (fl. 1377–d. 1399)
    John fitz Gerald FitzGerald, 4th earl of Desmond, son of his predecessor Gerald fitz Maurice FitzGerald and Eleanor, daughter of James Butler.
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  • 1398–1399
  • Maurice FitzGerald [5th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (Maurice) ... 5th earl of Desmond
    (fl. 1399–1401)
    Maurice fitz Gerald FitzGerald, was de facto 5th earl of Desmond (1399-1401) for as long as the legitimate heir, Thomas fitz John FitzGerald, was still a minor.
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  • 1399–1401
  • de facto earl of Desmond
  • Thomas FitzGerald [6th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (Thomas) ... 6th earl of Desmond
    (c.1386–1420)
    Thomas fitz John FitzGerald, 6th (or 5th) earl of Desmond, son of John fitz Gerald FitzGerald, 4th earl of Desmond. Since he was still a minor when his father died (1399), his uncle Maurice fitz Gerald took custody of the earldom until Thomas was of age. He acceded in 1401 but was deposed and banished by another uncle, James fitz Gerald, in 1411.
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  • 1401–1411
  • James FitzGerald [7th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (James) ... 7th earl of Desmond
    (c.1380–1462)
    James fitz Gerald FitzGerald, 7th earl of Desmond, son of Gerald fitz Maurice FitzGerald and Eleanor, daughter of James Butler.
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  • 1411–1463
  • Thomas FitzGerald [8th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (Thomas) ... 8th earl of Desmond
    (c.1420–1468)
    Thomas fitz James FitzGerald, 8th (or 7th) earl of Desmond, son of James fitz Gerald FitzGerald and Mary, daughter of Uilleag Burke.
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  • 1463–1468
  • James FitzGerald [9th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (James) ... 9th earl of Desmond
    (c.1459–1487)
    James fitz Thomas FitzGerald, became 9th (or 8th) earl of Desmond (1468–1487) after his father Thomas was executed.
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  • 1468–1487
  • Maurice fitz Thomas FitzGerald [10th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (Maurice fitz Thomas) ... 10th earl of Desmond
    (c.1460–1520)
    Maurice ‘Bachach’ fitz Thomas FitzGerald, son of Thomas fitz James FitzGerald, 8th earl of Desmond, and Alice Barry, became 10th (or 9th) earl of Desmond after his brother James, the former earl, was killed.
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  • 1487–1520
  • James FitzGerald [11th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (James) ... 11th earl of Desmond
    (fl. 1500–1529)
    James fitz Maurice FitzGerald, 11th earl of Desmond, was son of his predecessor Maurice fitz Thomas FitzGerald and Ellen Roche.
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  • 1520–1529
  • Thomas FitzGerald [12th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (Thomas) ... 12th earl of Desmond
    Entry reserved for but not yet available from the subject index.

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  • 1529–1534
  • James FitzGerald [13th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (James) ... 13th earl of Desmond
    Entry reserved for but not yet available from the subject index.

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  • 1534–1541
  • de jure earl of Desmond.
  • John FitzGerald [de facto 13th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (John) ... de facto 13th earl of Desmond
    Entry reserved for but not yet available from the subject index.

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  • 1534–1536
  • James FitzGerald [14th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (James) ... 14th earl of Desmond
    (fl. 1530s–1558)
    James fitz John FitzGerald, 14th (or 13th) earl of Desmond, son of John fitz Thomas Fitzgerald, de facto 13th (or 12th) earl of Desmond, and More, daughter of Donogh O'Brien of Carrigogunnell.
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  • 1536–1558
  • Gerald FitzGerald [15th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (Gerald) ... 15th earl of Desmond
    (c.1530–1583)
    Gerald fitz James FitzGerald, 15th (or 14th) earl of Desmond, son of the previous earl James fitz John FitzGerald.
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  • 1558–1583
  • “attained” (NHI).
  • James fitz Thomas FitzGerald [16th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (James fitz Thomas) ... 16th earl of Desmond
    (d. 1607)
    James fitz Thomas FitzGerald, called the súgán (straw-rope) earl of Desmond and styled the 16th (or 15th) earl, was son of Sir Thomas fitz James FitzGerald, who despite being bastardised aspired to the title of earl of Desmond in opposition to his half-brother Gerald and fought for the English Crown. After Gerald’s death, the Crown dissolved the earldom in favour of a Munster plantation, but faced an uprising led in part by Hugh O'Neill, earl of Tyrone. Where James had previously turned to the Crown in the hope of becoming earl of Desmond, he accepted that title from the rebels. In the ensuing years, however, he experienced great difficulty in making his authority felt. In 1601, he was captured and sent to the Tower of London, where he died in c.1607.
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  • 1583–1601 (dep.)
  • Known as the Súgán Earl, he was deposed and died in the Tower of London in 1607.
  • James fitz Gerald FitzGerald [16th earl of Desmond]FitzGerald (James fitz Gerald) ... 16th earl of Desmond
    (c.1570?–1601)
    Tower Earl, Queen's Earl
    16th (or 15th earl) of Desmond, only son and successor of the previous earl Gerald and Eleanor Butler.
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  • 1600–1601

Sources

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