Lewis (Barry J.)

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Lewis, Barry J., “Arthurian references in medieval Welsh poetry, c.1100–c.1540”, in: Ceridwen Lloyd-Morgan, and Erich Poppe (eds), Arthur in the Celtic languages: the Arthurian legend in Celtic literatures and traditions, 9, Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2019. 187–202.
Lewis, Barry J., “Ar drywydd Magna, ‘chwaer Dewi Sant’, ac eglwys ddiflanedig yn Nyffryn Teifi”, Studia Celtica 52 (2018): 33–52.  
Yn yr erthygl hon trafodir y dystiolaeth fratiog ar gyfer eglwys goll a elwid Llanfawr, neu Landa Magna yn Lladin, a safai gynt gerllaw afon Teifi yng Ngheredigion. Dadleuir bod enw Lladin yr eglwys wedi sbarduno storïau am gymeriad o'r enw Magna neu Magnus. Ymddengys y cymeriad ffuglennol hwn fel gwrthrych i wyrth a wnaeth Dewi Sant, ac yn Iwerddon fe'i trawsffurfiwyd yn chwaer i'r sant ei hun. Ymhlith y ffynonellau a drafodir y mae Bonedd y Saint, Progenies Keredic, buchedd Ladin Briog o Lydaw, buchedd Ladin Dewi gan Rhygyfarch, buchedd Ladin Maur gan Odo o Glanfeuil, a thraethawd Gwyddeleg am famau seintiau Iwerddon. Gofynnir pa le yn union yr oedd Llanfawr, ond erys yr ateb yn ansicr ac ni wyddys ychwaith a yw hi'n llercian y tu ôl i unrhyw un o'r eglwysi sy'n hysbys inni heddiw dan enwau eraill.

This article investigates the fragmentary evidence for a lost church called Llanfawr, or Landa Magna in Latin, which lay in the Teifi valley in Ceredigion. It is argued that the Latin name of this church gave rise to stories about a character called Magna or Magnus. This fictional personage appears as the subject of a miracle performed by St David, and in Ireland was even transformed into a sister of David. Sources discussed include Bonedd y Saint, Progenies Keredic, the Breton-Latin Life of St Brioc, Rhygyfarch's Life of St David, the Life of St Maur by Odo of Glanfeuil, and the tract on the Mothers of Irish Saints. Possible locations of Llanfawr are discussed, but it remains uncertain where precisely it was and whether it corresponds to any church known today.
Lewis, Barry J., “A possible provenance for the Old Cornish vocabulary”, Cambrian Medieval Celtic Studies 73 (2017): 1–14.
Lewis, Barry J., and Ruairí Ó hUiginn (eds), Celtica 29 (2017). vi + 329 pp.
Lewis, Barry J., “The saints in narratives of conversion from the Brittonic-speaking regions”, in: Roy Flechner, and Máire Ní Mhaonaigh (eds), The introduction of Christianity into the early medieval Insular world: converting the Isles I, 19, Turnhout: Brepols, 2016. 431–456.
Lewis, Barry J., “St. Mechyll of Anglesey, St. Maughold of Man and St. Malo of Brittany”, Studia Celtica Fennica 11 (2014): 24–38.  
A late-medieval Welsh poem in honour of the Anglesey saint Mechyll contains features drawn from two other cults, those of the Breton St Malo and the Manx St Maughold. This article surveys the evidence for the interpenetration of these three cults in medieval Man and Anglesey. It describes first the contents of the Welsh poem and the other evidence for the cult of Mechyll. It demonstrates that Mechyll was identified with Malo under his Latin name, Machutus, though the identification itself is unhistorical. The question of the name of Malo-Machutus, the spread of his cult and the hagiography associated with him are then surveyed. It is shown that St Maughold of Man was likewise associated with Machutus, and that much the same thing happened at the Scottish church of Lesmahagow, originally dedicated to St Féchín. The place of Maughold in the Lives of St Patrick is then discussed, confirming that Maughold of Man was the saint associated by Muirchú (c.700) with Patrick’s adversary Mac Cuill. The final question raised is the name of Maughold himself. Though it is unlikely that Maughold and Mechyll were really the same historical individual, the possibility is acknowledged.
Journal volume:  Studia Celtica Fennica: <link>
Evans, Dylan Foster, Barry J. Lewis, and Ann Parry Owen [eds], Gwalch cywyddau gwŷr: ysgrifau ar Guto'r Glyn a Chymru'r bymthegfed ganrif / Essays on Guto'r Glyn and fifteenth-century Wales, Aberystwyth: Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies, University of Wales, 2013.
Salisbury, Eurig, and Barry J. Lewis, “Guto’r Glyn: a life”, Guto’r, Online: Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies, University of Wales, 2013. URL: <>.
Lewis, Barry J., “Late medieval Welsh praise poetry and nationality: the military career of Guto'r Glyn revisited”, Studia Celtica 45 (2011): 111–130.
Lewis, Barry J., and Eurig Salisbury [eds.], Gwaith Gruffudd Gryg, Cyfres beirdd yr uchelwyr, 37, Aberystwyth: Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies, University of Wales, 2010.
Lewis, Barry J., “Celtic ecocriticism”, Cambrian Medieval Celtic Studies 59 (Summer, 2010): 71–82.
Lewis, Barry J., “Genre and the praise of place in late medieval Wales”, in: Stefan Zimmer (ed.), Kelten am Rhein: Akten des dreizehnten Internationalen Keltologiekongresses, 23. bis 27. Juli 2007 in Bonn, 2 vols, vol. 2: Philologie: Sprachen und Literaturen, Mainz: Philipp von Zabern, 2009. 147–158.
Lewis, Barry J., and Twm Morys [eds.], Gwaith Madog Benfras ac eraill o feirdd y bedwaredd ganrif ar ddeg, Cyfres beirdd yr uchelwyr, 35, Aberystwyth: Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies, University of Wales, 2007.
Lewis, Barry J., and Ann Parry Owen [eds.], Gwaith Gruffudd ap Maredudd, 3 vols, Cyfres beirdd yr uchelwyr, 24, 29, 33, Aberystwyth: Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies, University of Wales, 2003–2007.
Lewis, Barry J. [ed.], Gwaith Gruffudd ap Maredudd, vol. 2: Cerddi Crefyddol, Cyfres beirdd yr uchelwyr, 29, Aberystwyth: Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies, University of Wales, 2005. xix + 229 pp.  
This is the second volume of poetry by the fourteenth-century Anglesey poet Gruffudd ap Maredudd ap Dafydd, and contains all of his religious verse. Gruffudd has an important part to play in the history of Welsh religious poetry, not only because of the volume of his work (over a thousand lines are edited here), but also because of the variety and many-sidedness of his themes. We have solemn penitential poems side by side with joyful songs of praise to God; odes to the Virgin Mary; englynion about the three wise men and the four evangelists; and a powerful prayer to God, begging him to avert the Black Death from Gwynedd. Gruffudd’s long ode to the rood at Chester is a masterpiece: this, without doubt, is one of the most ambitious poems of the period. In the introduction to this volume the poet’s religious work is discussed within the context of the Catholicism of the Late Middle Ages.
(source: University of Wales)
Lewis, Barry J. [ed.], Gwaith Gruffudd ap Maredudd, vol. 1: Canu i deulu Penmynydd, Cyfres beirdd yr uchelwyr, 24, Aberystwyth: Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies, University of Wales, 2003. xvii + 171 pp.  
Aptly described by Saunders Lewis as ‘one of the greats’, Gruffudd ap Maredudd was a native of Anglesey. He is the most important of the fourteenth-century figures who continued and elaborated upon the tradition of the Poets of the Princes. His poetry, comprising c .2400 lines of eulogy and elegy, religious verse, love poetry and satire, is preserved in the Red Book of Hergest. Seven of the eight poems edited in this volume are praise poems and elegies to members of the powerful family of Penmynydd, Anglesey, who were patrons to many important poets of the period, including Iolo Goch and Llywelyn Goch ap Meurig Hen. The final poem in the volume addresses an unknown patron, who was also probably a member of the same family.
(source: University of Wales)


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Dennis Groenewegen
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March 2018