Kirkwood (James) (Church of Scotland minister)

  • c.1650–c.1709
  • clergy
  • Dunbar
Church of Scotland minister who advocated the use of Scottish Gaelic and played an important role in Robert Kirk’s translation of the Bible into Scottish Gaelic.

See also: Robert BoyleBoyle (Robert)
Anglo-Irish scientist, natural philosopher, a son of Richard, first earl of Cork (d. 1643); a devout Anglican who financed the printing of the Irish Bible.
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John Campbell [1st earl of Breadalbane and Holland]Campbell (John) ... 1st earl of Breadalbane and Holland
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Robert KirkKirk (Robert)
Episcopalian minister of Aberfoyle, Gaelic scholar and folklorist. He supervised the first combined edition of the Irish translations of the OT and NT, An Bíobla Naomhtha, in London in 1690. Kirk had the text transliterated from Irish into Roman script so that it might serve readers in the Scottish Highlands, although it remained an Irish text.
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Secondary sources (select)

Reference works
Oxford dictionary of national biography, Online: Oxford University Press. URL: <>. 
comments: General editors include Lawrence Goldman, et al.
Simpson (Murray C. T. ) [id. 15682. ‘Kirkwood, James (b. c. 1650, d. in or after 1709)’] direct link
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July 2020, last updated: May 2022