Franciscan friars

  • Christian religious orders
AAT: “Broad term for a Roman Catholic religious order comprising several divisions; founded by St. Francis of Assisi (1181-1226). The rule emphasizes the vow of poverty, theology, preaching, and aid to the poor and sick. Different schools of thought among followers developed over the years; St. Bonaventure (1257-1274) founded a moderate interpretation of St. Francis' rule that bridged many of the differences. The independent branches of the order are the First Order of Franciscans: the Observants, the Conventuals, and the Capuchins; the Second Order comprises nuns established by St. Clare under the guidance of St. Francis, known as the Poor Clares; and the Third Order comprising religious and lay men and women, including the Third Order Secular (living in the world without vows) and Third Order Regular (living in religious communities under vow).”

See also: Cashel, Franciscan friaryCashel, Franciscan friary

Franciscan friary founded by Sir William Hacket in c.1265. After several interruptions in the 17th century, it persisted into the 18th century.

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Cavan, Franciscan friaryCavan, Franciscan friary

Former Franciscan friary founded by Giolla Íosa Ruadh Ó Raghallaigh, lord of Bréifne, in the early 14th century.

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John ColganColgan (John)
(d. 1658)
Mac Colgáin (Seán)
Irish Franciscan at St Anthony’s College, Louvain; scholar, theologian, editor and hagiographer.
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John Goolde [friar and scribe]Goolde (John) ... friar and scribe
(fl. c.17th century, first half)
Friar, guardian of the Franciscan friary in Cashel, and scribe who was responsible for a copy of the Vitae sanctorum Hiberniae and had worked together with the Four Masters.
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Edmund MacCanaMacCana (Edmund)
(fl. 1640s)
A Franciscan friar known chiefly as the author of an Itinerary of Ireland (written in c.1644) and an account of Sanda Island.
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Cormac mac Diarmada mheic Taidhg Chaim Ó CléirighÓ Cléirigh (Cormac mac Diarmada mheic Taidhg Chaim)
(d. 1542)
Irish friar, a son of Diarmaid son of Tadhg Cam Ó Cléirigh.
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Mícheál Ó CléirighÓ Cléirigh (Mícheál)
(d. 1643)
O'Clery (Michael)
Irish scholar, historian and scribe.
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Toirdhealbhach Ó MealláinÓ Mealláin (Toirdhealbhach)
Ó Mealláin (Tarlach)
Franciscan friar of Brantry (Co. Tyrone), who has been identified as the author of a journal describing the first years (1641-1647) of the Irish Confederate Wars.
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Hugh WardWard (Hugh)
Mac an Bhaird (Aodh Buidhe)
Irish Franciscan friar, historian and author
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Secondary sources (select)

Pařez, Jan, and Hedvika Kuchařová, The Irish Franciscans in Prague 1629–1786, tr. Jana Stoddart, and Michael Stoddart, revised, English ed., Prague: Karolinum Press, Charles University, 2015.  
At the end of the sixteenth century, Queen Elizabeth I forced the Irish Franciscans into exile. Of the four continental provinces to which the Irish Franciscans fled, the Prague Franciscan College of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary was the largest in its time. This monograph documents this intense point of contact between two small European lands, Ireland and Bohemia. The Irish exiles changed the course of Bohemian history in significant ways, both positive—the Irish students and teachers of medicine who contributed to Bohemia’s culture and sciences—and negative—the Irish officers who participated in the murder of Albrecht of Valdštejn and their successors who served in the Imperial forces. Dealing with a hitherto largely neglected theme, Parez and Kucharová attempt to place the Franciscan College within Bohemian history and to document the activities of its members. This wealth of historical material from the Czech archives, presented in English for the first time, will be of great aid for international researchers, particularly those interested in Bohemia or the Irish diaspora.
(source: publisher)
Bhreathnach, Edel, Joseph MacMahon, and John McCafferty (eds), The Irish Franciscans, 1534–1990, Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2009.
Ó Muraíle, Nollaig (ed.), Mícheál Ó Cléirigh, his associates and St Anthony’s College Louvain, Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2008.
Millet, Benignus, The Irish Franciscans, 1651–1665, Analecta Gregoriana, Rome: Gregorian University Press, 1964.  
The aim of this study is to examine the history of the Irish Franciscans during the fifteen years immediately following the end of this golden age. In other words, it begins in 1651, at the commencement of the second half of the seventeenth century, and seeks to trance the fate and fortunes of the Irish friars during the Puritan regime and the early years of the Restoration. Why 1665? This is a most convenient terminus and quem, because of the major ecclesiastical events of 1666 and the chain of reactions to which they gave rise. The year 1666 saw the celebration in Dublin in the month of June of a special national synod permitted and indeed engineered by Ormond, the viceroy, for the express purpose of persuading the Irish clergy to accept and sign what was known as the Remonstrance or Protestation of Loyalty to the king, and the theological faculty of Louvain university had censured it. The prelates and clergy rejected the official formula at the synod, but signed an alternative and less obnoxious one.
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C. A., Dennis Groenewegen
Page created
September 2015, last updated: June 2022