[EN] Some aspects of the links between coinage and religion in Gaul.
Since there is no religious literature in Gaul, we have to look for information in the archaelogical field. The richest patterns in Celtic art are to be found on the coins, which are especially interesting for us. These coins have been used as offerings for the gods and thanks to their ornamentation on the obverses as well as on the reverses, we get to know some aspects of the ritual. Some scenes seem to be related to mythological stories which were transmitted by the late Celtic literature. Various objects : weapons, table-ware, jewels, sculptures… offer patterns similar to the ones which ornate the coins. So, the aim was probably the same : religious and philosophical messages were transmitted this way. In this civilization, it seems that the pictures replaced the traditional teaching delivered through literature.
[EN] The animals are exceptionally numerous on the Gallic coins. They can be realistic, fanciful or completely imagined. Originally, the Greek prototypes were ornated with horses on their reverses. These animals are the most numerous ones, sometimes associated with birds, wolves… The wild boar comes at the second place, followed by the lion, borrowed from the Massilian drachms ; the wolf and the bull are quite numerous too, as well as the birds which appear especially in Central Gaul. It’s mostly as war symbols that these animals were chosen. Some of them suggested fecundity and prosperity. The coins were privileged means of propaganda and a prestige selection was made to ornate them.
[EN] Gaulish life as seen through their coinage.
Thanks to the coinage iconography, we get to know more about the Gallic civilization in various fields : daily life, religion, agriculture, cattle-breeding, war and weapons. The interpretation of this rich documentation will gradually palliate the lack of littérature.
[EN] New Obols from Narbonnensis.
Small new silver coins came out recently. They were found on the hill-fort of Montlaurès and at Ensérune. Their prototypes are coins from the Punic world, Ampurias and Massalia. The 22 coins which are known at the present time have been struck according to two different methods : one is the traditional method of blanks made in a mould and then stamped. This coinage is small and light : the weights range between 0,62 and 0,28g. It seems that it has been issued in the end of the IInd century and the beginning of the Ist century B.C.
[EN] The sequence-marks of the first imitations of the stater of Philippus II
Sequence-marks ornate the staters of Philippus II. The study of these patterns, which have been copied on the first Celtic gold coins, shows that the beginnings of the Gallic coinage is datable after the death of this king. The imitations are perfect at first, except for a very limited coinage, on which a Celtic inscription written in Roman letters, replaces the word ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ. The finds of Macedonian staters in Gaul are exceptional. The variety with a thunderbolt, the monogram and the ear of corn is the one which has been the most imitated by the Gauls, it has never been found in France.