S 1207 (Lanlawren charter)

  • Latin
  • prose

Charter relating to a grant of land at Lanlowren (probably Lanlawren in Lanteglos, Cornwall), from one Maenchi son of Pretnigor, comes, to [the community of] St Heldenus, with a confirmation by King Æthelstan (r. 924-939). The record is attested as a copy in an 15th-century cartulary of Athelney abbey. O. Padel suggests that Heldenus, previously interpreted as St Æthelwin, probably represents the local Cornish saint St Hyldren.

S 1207 (Lanlawren charter)
The charter is no. 1207 in Sawyer’s catalogue.
The manuscript of the cartulary was relatively recently discovered in Petworth House, Sussex. See Keynes, “The cartulary of Athelney Abbey rediscovered”, Monastic Research Bulletin 7 (2001): 2–5.
Bath, Downside Abbey, MS Phillips 4810
p. 119
A 18th-century transcript by George Harbin.
  • Latin
prose (primary)



Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

Edition wanted
A new edition based on the re-discovered manuscript may be desirable.
[ed.] [tr.] Padel, O. J., “The text of the Lanlawren charter”, Cornish Studies: Journal of the Institute of Cornish Studies 7 (1979): 43–44.

Secondary sources (select)

The electronic Sawyer: online catalogue of Anglo-Saxon charters, Online: King's College London, ...–present. URL: <http://esawyer.org.uk>.
Insley, Charles, “Languages of boundaries and boundaries of language in Cornish charters”, in: Robert Gallagher, Edward Roberts, and Francesca Tinti (eds), The languages of early medieval charters: Latin, Germanic vernaculars, and the written word, 27, Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2021. 342–377.
Insley, Charles, “Kings and lords in tenth-century Cornwall”, History 98:1 (January, 2013): 2–22.  
The cementing of English political control over Cornwall and the British of the southwest in the tenth century falls between the creation of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms between the sixth and seventh centuries, and the burst of English expansionism at the expense of the Welsh, Scots and Irish that occupied the two centuries following the Norman Conquest of England. Consequently, the absorption of Cornwall into the English state tends to be a rather neglected subject. This article provides some redress of this neglect and examines, through a consideration of not just the historical narratives but also charters and manumissions, the way in which the kings of the English and their agents extended royal control over Cornwall between the late ninth century and the mid-eleventh. These processes, while making Cornwall part of the new kingdom of the English, also allowed the maintenance of a highly distinctive local identity well into the later medieval period and beyond.
Insley, Charles, “Athelstan, charters and the English in Cornwall”, in: Marie Therese Flanagan, and Judith A. Green (eds), Charters and charter scholarship in Britain and Ireland, Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2005. 15–31.
Padel, O. J., “The charter of Lanlawren (Cornwall)”, in: Katherine OʼBrien OʼKeeffe, and Andy Orchard (eds), Latin learning and English lore: studies in Anglo-Saxon literature for Michael Lapidge, 2 vols, vol. 2, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005. 74–85.
Olson, Lynette, Early monasteries in Cornwall, Studies in Celtic History, 11, Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1989.
64, 84 (not seen, according to electronic Sawyer)
Padel, O. J., Cornish place-name elements, English Place-Name Society, 56-57, Nottingham: English Place-Name Society, 1985.
Dennis Groenewegen
Page created
August 2022, last updated: June 2023