Rhybudd Gabriel angel at Fair‘The warning of Gabriel (the) angel to Mary’

  • Middle Welsh
  • prose

Middle Welsh prose version of the Annunciation to Mary from Luke 1:26-38.

Later manuscripts
  • Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales, Llanstephan MS 103
  • Middle Welsh
prose (primary)
Textual relationships
(Possible) sources: Gospel of LukeGospel of Luke
Related: Gospel of LukeGospel of Luke



Mary [mother of Jesus]Mary ... mother of Jesus
(s. i BC / s. i)
Virgin Mary
No short description available
See more
Angel or archangel who appears to prophets Daniel and Ezekiel in the Old Testament and to John the Baptist's father Zacharias in the Annunciation narrative of Luke. He is also a prominent agent of God in the Book of Enoch.
See more




Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

[dipl. ed.] Thomas, Peter Wynn [ed.], D. Mark Smith, and Diana Luft [transcribers and encoders], Welsh prose (Rhyddiaith Gymraeg) 1300–1425, Online: Cardiff University, 2007–present. URL: <http://www.rhyddiaithganoloesol.caerdydd.ac.uk>.
Transcriptions of the texts in Llanstephan 27, Peniarth 15, and Jesus College 119. direct link
[ed.] Morris-Jones, John, The life of Saint David: and other tracts in medieval Welsh from the Book of the Anchorite of Llanddewivrevi AD 1346, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1912.  
A reprint of editions of some of the shorter tracts in Oxford, Jesus College, MS 119, previously published in Elucidarium and other tracts in Welsh from Llyvyr agkyr Llandewivrevi A.D. 1346, pp. 105–171.
Internet Archive: <link>
76–77 Reprint from the 1894 edition.
[ed.] Morris-Jones, John, and John Rhŷs, The Elucidarium and other tracts in Welsh from Llyvyr agkyr Llandewivrevi A.D. 1346 (Jesus college ms. 119), Anecdota Oxoniensia, Mediaeval and Modern Series, 6, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1894.
Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive – originally from Google Books: <link>
159 Edited from Oxford, Jesus College, MS 119.
[ed.] [tr.] Williams, Robert, and G. Hartwell Jones, Selections from the Hengwrt MSS. preserved in the Peniarth library, 2 vols, vol. 2: containing Campeu Charlymaen, Purdan Padric, Buchedd Meir Wyry, Evengyl Nicodemus, Y Groglith, Breuddwyt Pawl, Seith Doethion Ruvein, Ipotis Ysprytawl, Lucidarius, Ymborth yr Eneit, etc., etc., London: Bernard Quaritch, 1892.  

Regarding the genesis of the work and its purpose and methods, it is worth quoting the preface from G. Hartwell Jones (G. H. J.) in full:

“The publication of the translation from the middle of the eighth chapter of Purdan Padric onwards, for which alone I am responsible, has been delayed owing to the serious difficulties encountered in its execution.

The text being in many places incomplete or inaccurate, especially in the earlier part, it was found necessary to collate Canon Willams' transcript with the manuscripts, which I was enabled to do hurriedly by the courtesy of W. R. M. Wynne, Esq., of Peniarth, or with other versions at tlie Bodleian and elsewhere, some of which I saw after the sheets had been printed off. By consulting the originals, from which these were translated in the first instauce, most of them in Latin, I have succeeded in conjecturing the first readings or tracing the growth of the mischief. These documents, written in various languages, I have discovered in English libraries or abroad, while engaged in other kinds of research. Still, many passages remain doubtful. Pages 453-6 inclusive, which were left unfinished by the late Canon Williams, have been collated with and corrected against the original MSS. by Mr. Egerton Phillimore.

A few notes have been added, but they deal with a few points only, since I have in my work chiefly followed Canon Williams in consulting rather the interests of the general reader than those versed in Old-Welsh, who will easily see why I have adopted a particular version, or how I have supplied lacunae.

The short accounts that precede them, indicating sources of information simply, with no pretence to being bibliographics, may prove useful to anyone who cares to investigate the history and variation of the tracts or legends.

It remains for me to thank Canon Silvan Evans, Egerton Phillimore, Esq., and Prof. Powel, in particular, for the assistance they have kindly rendered.

G. H. J.”

 : <link>
296–297 (text); 643–644 (translation); 753 (note)

Secondary sources (select)

Cartwright, Jane, Feminine sanctity and spirituality in medieval Wales, Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2008.
19, 41