Exeter, Cathedral Library, MS 3514

  • Latin
  • s. xiii2–xivin
  • Welsh manuscripts
manuscript miscellanies histories
Provenance and related aspects
s. xiii2–xivin
The manuscript reached its present state at the latest by the early fourteenth century.
Hands, scribes
Hands indexed:
Hand 1 Copied pp. 1-3r20, 43-52, ?53, and 54-60. Wrote with some lateral compression in a regular and stylish bookhand, moving towards semi-quadrata. Wrote 32-35 lines per page, below the top line, and using a brown ink. Ruled using a pencil. Slightly earlier than Hand 2.
Hand 2

Copied pp. 3b-12b, 61-66, ?507-518, 518-19. Worked in or after 1266 (copied the Chronica de Wallia-entry for this year on p. 519). Wrote in a Gothic bookhand using brown ink. Is very similar to Hand 1, but has different usages.

Hand 3 Copied pp. 13a -21b and 522 line 24-523 line 16. Is generically similar to the adjacent hands, but writes with a much thicker nib, lending the script a squat appearance.
Hand 4 Copied pp. 21b-30a, 36-40, and 523-528. Looks like a more evolved version of the script used by Hand 1 and Hand 2. Wrote in or after 1285 in a blacker ink.
Hand 5 Copied pp. 43a-b and 94a-b. Large bookhand, bearing generic similarities, especially to Hand 1 (could be the same scribe practicing a higher grade of script)
Hand 6 Copied pp. 67-218. Wrote 32 lines per page in a relatively large squat four-line script, and with some lateral compression. As with the other Hands, the script does not fit the normal conventions of Gothic bookhand. In certain areas the ink is very black. Sometimes resembles Hand 1.
Hand 7 Copied pp. 223-300 in a small Gothic bookhand with several Insular symptoms. Does write on the top line.
Hand 8 Copied pp. 301-450 in a very black ink. Resembles Hand 3 quite closely.
Hand 9 Copied pp. 451-604 in a Proto-Gothic resembling the other hands in the manuscript. Squat proportions.
Codicological information
25.2 cm × 18.7 cm
Quarto volume of 528 pp.
Palaeographical information
Category: Gothic scripts
Table of contents

Links to texts use a standardised title for the catalogue and so may or may not reflect what is in the manuscript itself, hence the square brackets. Their appearance comes in three basic varieties, which are signalled through colour coding and the use of icons, , and :

  1. - If a catalogue entry is both available and accessible, a direct link will be made. Such links are blue-ish green and marked by a bookmark icon.
  2. - When a catalogue entry does not exist yet, a desert brown link with a different icon will take you to a page on which relevant information is aggregated, such as relevant publications and other manuscript witnesses if available.
  3. - When a text has been ‘captured’, that is, a catalogue entry exists but is still awaiting publication, the same behaviour applies and a crossed eye icon is added.

The above method of differentiating between links has not been applied yet to texts or citations from texts which are included in the context of other texts, commonly verses.


While it is not a reality yet, CODECS seeks consistency in formatting references to locations of texts and other items of interest in manuscripts. Our preferences may be best explained with some examples:

  • f. 23ra.34: meaning folio 23 recto, first column, line 34
  • f. 96vb.m: meaning folio 96, verso, second column, middle of the page (s = top, m = middle, i = bottom)
    • Note that marg. = marginalia, while m = middle.
  • p. 67b.23: meaning page 67, second column, line 23
The list below has been collated from the table of contents, if available on this page,Progress in this area is being made piecemeal. Full and partial tables of contents are available for a small number of manuscripts. and incoming annotations for individual texts (again, if available).Whenever catalogue entries about texts are annotated with information about particular manuscript witnesses, these manuscripts can be queried for the texts that are linked to them.


Primary sources This section typically includes references to diplomatic editions, facsimiles and photographic reproductions, notably digital image archives, of at least a major portion of the manuscript. For editions of individual texts, see their separate entries.

Digitisation wanted

Secondary sources (select)

Crick, Julia, “The power and the glory: conquest and cosmology in Edwardian Wales (Exeter, Cathedral Library, 3514)”, in: Orietta Da Rold, and Elaine Treharne (eds), Textual cultures: cultural texts, 63, Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2010. 21–42.
Darina Knoops, Dennis Groenewegen
Page created
January 2022, last updated: August 2023