Solomon and the power of women

  • Early Middle Irish, Late Old Irish
  • Medieval Irish literature

Early Irish reworking of I Esdras, III ch. 3-4, with Solomon, king of the Greeks, and Nemiasserus replacing Darius and Zorobabel (Zerubbabel).

  • Early Middle Irish Late Old Irish
Textual relationships

Meyer calls the Irish version “curiously distorted and thoroughly Irish”.


Medieval Irish literature


Solomon [king of the Greeks]Solomon ... king of the Greeks
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Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

[dipl. ed.] Best, Richard Irvine, Osborn Bergin, M. A. O'Brien, and Anne O'Sullivan (eds.), The Book of Leinster, formerly Lebar na Núachongbála, 6 vols, Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 1954–1983.
CELT – 1-260: <link> CELT – 400-470 (excl. Táin bó Cúailnge): <link> CELT – 471-638 and 663 (excl. Dinnshenchas Érenn): <link> CELT – 761-781 and 785-841 (excl. Dinnshenchas Érenn and Togail Troí): <link> CELT – 1119-1192 and 1202-1325 (excl. Esnada tige Buchet and Fingal Rónáin ): <link>
Vol. 5: 1231. Diplomatic edition. direct link
[ed.] Pokorny, Julius, A historical reader of Old Irish: texts, paradigms, notes and a complete glossary, Halle, 1923.
12–14 (text); 36–48 (analysis)
[ed.] [tr.] Meyer, Kuno, “Anecdota from Irish MSS: 9. Book of Leinster, p. 282 a”, Gaelic Journal 4:46 (July 1893, 1889–1893): 216–217.  
Edition, with translation and notes, from LL p. 282a.
Internet Archive: <link>, <link>
[tr.] Herbert, Máire [tr.], and Martin McNamara [notes], “[Old Testament] 8. The power of women”, in: Herbert, Máire, and Martin McNamara (eds), Irish biblical apocrypha: selected texts in translation, Edinburgh: Clark, 1989. 23–24, 169–170.
[tr.] Ní Dhonnchadha, Máirín [ed.], “Mary, Eve and the Church (c. 600-1800)”, in: Bourke, Angela (et al., eds), The Field Day anthology of Irish writing, vol. IV: Irish women's writing and traditions, Cork: Cork University Press, 2002. 45–165.
104–105 Introduction and translation taken from Irish biblical apocrypha.

Secondary sources (select)

McNamara, Martin, The apocrypha in the Irish Church, Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 1975.
28 Item 10B.
Dennis Groenewegen
Page created
September 2011, last updated: December 2020