Gramadegau’r penceirddiaid‘The grammars of the chief poets’
- Early Modern Welsh, Middle Welsh
A group of vernacular Welsh bardic grammars whose production spans a long line of transmission, revision and adaptation. The earliest two recensions, from the 14th century and onwards, are associated with or attributed to Einion Offeiriad (fl. 13th century) and Dafydd Ddu (fl. 14th century). Later, more elaborate adaptations were produced by Gutun Owain and Simwnt Fychan. While influenced by the Latin grammatical tradition based on the likes of Donatus and Priscian, the grammars sought to apply concepts about the grammatical features of the vernacular to Welsh bardic poetry.
- I =
- II =
- III =
- Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales, Peniarth MS 169 [1570 x 1588]
- XX =
- LV =
- Early Modern Welsh Middle Welsh
Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.
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