Bartrum, Peter C., A Welsh classical dictionary: people in history and legend up to about A.D. 1000, Aberystwyth: National Library of Wales, 1993.

  • Book/Monograph
Citation details
A Welsh classical dictionary: people in history and legend up to about A.D. 1000
National Library of Wales
Online resources
– PDF documents resource: National Library of Wales
Abstract (cited)

This dictionary is effectively a series of notes arranged alphabetically under personal names and a few place-names. They are the result of many years of working in the field of early Welsh history, legend and fiction, and are to some extent biassed towards subjects which were of personal interest to the author. For example there is perhaps a leaning towards genealogy and to the development of historical ideas (historiography). Thus old ideas which were current in the middle ages, but now super-seded, are referred to in order to explain their occurrence in old manuscripts and books. In particular the fictions of Geoffrey of Monmouth, and those who followed him and added to his stories, are included, but the inventions of Annius of Viterbo (1498) and his imitators, as well as those of Iolo Morganwg (Edward Williams, d.1826), have only occasionally been mentioned, although each of the last two fabricators was taken seriously for a century or so. An attempt has been made to give the essential outlines of legends and fictions, generally telling the stories without comment, interpretation or speculation

(source: Introduction)
Subjects and topics
Wales 6th century 7th century 8th century 9th century 10th century
History, society and culture
Aeddan ap BlegywrydAeddan ap Blegywryd
(d. 1017/1018)
ruler in Gwynedd; killed in battle by Llywelyn ap Seisyll in 1017/1018
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(supp. fl. early 8th century)
Cyngar of Congresbury, Cungar of Congresbury
Patron saint of Congresbury (Cungres-byrig) in Somerset, to which it supposedly gave its name. His origins are obscure. It has been suggested that he was originally a Welsh/British saint, and/or that he was invented to explain the placename and equip Congresbury with an origin story, based perhaps on a version of the Welsh saint. His vita shows certain affinities with 12th-century Welsh Latin hagiography associated with Caradog and the monastery of Llancarfan.
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Dennis Groenewegen
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June 2014, last updated: April 2021