Date of the manuscript (see set below):


Manuscripts

Llyfr Gwyn Rhydderch

Date
s. xivmed
Language
Welsh language
Hands
Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales, Peniarth MS 5
Hands indexed:
Scribe A

Copied quire 1-4. Rules only by hard point. Makes a double ruling for the outer margin. Writes in a single collumn with 46-51 lines per page.

Specimens (IIIF):
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Scribe B

Copied quire 5-9. Possibly the Anchorite of Llandewibrefi. Rules only by hard point. Makes a double ruling for the outer margin. Writes in two collumns with 42 (quire 5) or 36 (quire 6-9) lines per page.

Specimens (IIIF):
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Scribe C

Copied quire 10-14. Rules using both hard point and plummet. Makes a single ruling for the outer margin. Writes in two collumns with 30-35 lines per page.

Specimens (IIIF):
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Additional hand 1 (f. 65v)
On f. 65v, which was left as a blank space, a cursive anglicana hand has added four englynion by Dafydd ap Gwilym. According to Huws (2000), this hand postdates the production of the manuscript but can be dated before the end of the century. The writing is not easily legible.
Additional hand 2 (f. 65v)

A further eight lines on f. 65v were written in “a hand of the first half of the fifteenth century” (Huws 2000). Like the addition that precedes it, the text is difficult to read, but has been identified as three englynion taken from an awdl by Gruffudd Fychan ap Gruffudd ab Ednyfed.

Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales, Peniarth MS 4
Hands indexed:
Scribe D

Copied quire 15-22 and 26. Rules using both hard point and plummet. Makes a double ruling for the outer margin. Writes in two collumns with 36-40 lines per page.

Scribe E

Copied quire 23-26. Rules using both hard point and plummet. Makes a double ruling for the outer margin. Writes in two collumns with 39-42 lines per page.

Additional hand (Hywel Fychan)

On f. 83v, a space of ten lines was left blank by hand E, presumably because the exemplar from which he copied the text of Culhwch ac Olwen was defective at this point. Here a hand which has been identified as that of Hywel Fychan has inserted five lines with the missing portion of the text.

Hywel Fychan ap Hywel GochHywel Fychan ap Hywel Goch
(fl. 14th century)
Hywel Fychan ap Hywel Goch was a fourteenth century Welsh scribe. He was a man with clerical training who knew Latin and was able to edit and organize a book. He also wrote lawbooks.  Hywel Fychan is most famous for being the chief scribe of the Red Book of Hergest (Oxford, Jesus College, MS 111). He is also connected to Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales, Peniarth MS 11; Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales, Llanstephan MS 27 (Llyfr Coch Talgarth); and Philadelphia, Library Company, MS 8680.O. He furthermore made a contribution to the Culchwch ac Olwen-text of the White Book of Rhydderch (Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales, Peniarth 4-5) on folio 83v.
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Specimens (IIIF):
International Image Interoperability Framework logo.png

Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales, Peniarth MS 5 = Llyfr Gwyn Rhydderch, part 1

Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales, Peniarth MS 4 = Llyfr Gwyn Rhydderch, part 2

Work in progress

Sources

For bibliographical references, see the separate pages for manuscript units.

Primary sources

National Library of Wales, National Library of Wales: Digital gallery, Online: NLW. URL: <https://www.llyfrgell.cymru/darganfod/oriel-ddigidol/llawysgrifau/>. 
Previously Digital Mirror / Drych Digidol, the digital library of the National Library of Wales gives access to digitised manuscripts, printed works, archival materials and other media.
Thomas, Peter Wynn [ed.], D. Mark Smith, and Diana Luft [transcribers and encoders] (et al.), Welsh prose (Rhyddiaith Gymraeg) 1300–1425, Online: Cardiff University. URL: <http://www.rhyddiaithganoloesol.caerdydd.ac.uk>.

Secondary sources (select)

Huws, Daniel, Medieval Welsh manuscripts, Cardiff and Aberystwyth: University of Wales Press, 2000.
227–268
Evans, J. Gwenogvryn, Report on manuscripts in the Welsh language, vol. 1:2: Peniarth, Historical Manuscripts Commission, London, 1899.
Internet Archive: <link>
305–316 direct link
Contributors
Darina Knoops, Dennis Groenewegen
Page created
January 2011, last updated: April 2022